Effect of nucleoside analogs and non-nucleoside inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase on cell-free virions

Effect of nucleoside analogs and non-nucleoside inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase on... Reverse transcription takes place in the cytoplasm of infected cells, although it has been demonstrated that retroviruses can also initiate reverse transcription prior to infection of target cells. In addition to partial reverse transcripts, full-length proviral molecules have been detected in the plasma and seminal fluid of HIV-1 seropositive patients. Intravirion endogenous reverse transcription appears to be directly correlated with an increased level of infectivity. Therefore, the ability of an inhibitor to reach and inhibit the replication complex in the core of the free-virion may constitute an important part of its capacity to suppress viral infection. In this work we tested the ability of some reverse transcriptase inhibitors to decrease viral infectivity in pretreated highly purified virions. Our results showed that Curie pyridinone (Dollé et al. (1995), J Med Chem 38: 4 679–4 686), a non nucleoside RT inhibitor, strongly inhibited the infectivity of extracellular HIV-1 particles. Other non nucleoside inhibitors (TIBO R82913, HEPT, nevirapine) tested in these conditions were unable to do so. Our data indicate that the effect of Curie pyridinone on intact virions may be related to its capacity to tightly bind the target RT. This approach may lead to the design and synthesis of new drugs able to interact with the retroviral enzyme inside the viral core. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Effect of nucleoside analogs and non-nucleoside inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase on cell-free virions

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-nucleoside-analogs-and-non-nucleoside-inhibitors-of-hiv-1-3roejwL0GA
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Wien by 1999 Springer-Verlag/
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050050522
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Reverse transcription takes place in the cytoplasm of infected cells, although it has been demonstrated that retroviruses can also initiate reverse transcription prior to infection of target cells. In addition to partial reverse transcripts, full-length proviral molecules have been detected in the plasma and seminal fluid of HIV-1 seropositive patients. Intravirion endogenous reverse transcription appears to be directly correlated with an increased level of infectivity. Therefore, the ability of an inhibitor to reach and inhibit the replication complex in the core of the free-virion may constitute an important part of its capacity to suppress viral infection. In this work we tested the ability of some reverse transcriptase inhibitors to decrease viral infectivity in pretreated highly purified virions. Our results showed that Curie pyridinone (Dollé et al. (1995), J Med Chem 38: 4 679–4 686), a non nucleoside RT inhibitor, strongly inhibited the infectivity of extracellular HIV-1 particles. Other non nucleoside inhibitors (TIBO R82913, HEPT, nevirapine) tested in these conditions were unable to do so. Our data indicate that the effect of Curie pyridinone on intact virions may be related to its capacity to tightly bind the target RT. This approach may lead to the design and synthesis of new drugs able to interact with the retroviral enzyme inside the viral core.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 1999

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off