Effect of mother’s physical condition during pregnancy and lactation on postnatal growth and reproductive success of offspring in water vole Arvicola terrestris

Effect of mother’s physical condition during pregnancy and lactation on postnatal growth and... Postnatal growth, life span, and probability of reproduction in the adult state depended on the mother’s physical condition during pregnancy and lactation in water vole. The white fat weight in the female abdominal cavity was shown to significantly increase in pregnancy and to decrease in late lactation. As an indicators for nutritional state of females, their body weight difference after parturition (or in late lactation) and expected from the regression equation relating individual body weight at the beginning and the end of each reproductive stage were used (physical condition indexes in pregnancy or lactation). The correlation of the physical condition index in pregnancy with the storage fat weight was 0.67. The metabolic resources of the mother’s body proved to favor faster offspring development. The female offspring weight at the age of 3 and 10 weeks as well as adult ones positively correlated with the mother’s nutritional state in pregnancy, while the male offspring weight demonstrated a similar correlation at the age of 3 and 6 weeks. Increased negative energy balance during lactation proved to decrease the offspring weight in both sexes after separation from mother and at the age of 6 weeks. High nutritional state of mother in pregnancy favored both the probability of reproduction and life span of female offspring. The reproduction of male offspring did not depend on the mother’s physical condition. The life span peaked in male offspring of mothers in a nutritional state below average in pregnancy and above average in lactation. Thus, the physical condition of the mother’s body is an important sex-dependent factor of phenotypic variation in the offspring body weight, reproductive competence, and life span. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Developmental Biology Springer Journals

Effect of mother’s physical condition during pregnancy and lactation on postnatal growth and reproductive success of offspring in water vole Arvicola terrestris

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Developmental Biology; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1062-3604
eISSN
1608-3326
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1062360408020069
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Postnatal growth, life span, and probability of reproduction in the adult state depended on the mother’s physical condition during pregnancy and lactation in water vole. The white fat weight in the female abdominal cavity was shown to significantly increase in pregnancy and to decrease in late lactation. As an indicators for nutritional state of females, their body weight difference after parturition (or in late lactation) and expected from the regression equation relating individual body weight at the beginning and the end of each reproductive stage were used (physical condition indexes in pregnancy or lactation). The correlation of the physical condition index in pregnancy with the storage fat weight was 0.67. The metabolic resources of the mother’s body proved to favor faster offspring development. The female offspring weight at the age of 3 and 10 weeks as well as adult ones positively correlated with the mother’s nutritional state in pregnancy, while the male offspring weight demonstrated a similar correlation at the age of 3 and 6 weeks. Increased negative energy balance during lactation proved to decrease the offspring weight in both sexes after separation from mother and at the age of 6 weeks. High nutritional state of mother in pregnancy favored both the probability of reproduction and life span of female offspring. The reproduction of male offspring did not depend on the mother’s physical condition. The life span peaked in male offspring of mothers in a nutritional state below average in pregnancy and above average in lactation. Thus, the physical condition of the mother’s body is an important sex-dependent factor of phenotypic variation in the offspring body weight, reproductive competence, and life span.

Journal

Russian Journal of Developmental BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 25, 2011

References

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