Effect of low-dose irradiation on the lifespan in various strains of Drosophila melanogaster

Effect of low-dose irradiation on the lifespan in various strains of Drosophila melanogaster Drosophila melanogaster strains defective in repair, antioxidant defense, and apoptosis displayed a higher aging rate than the wild-type strains when unexposed to ionizing radiation. Irradiation changed the lifespan depending on the genotype. The lifespan and the functional (neuromuscular) activity, which reflects the “life quality,” changed in the same direction. A mechanism was suggested for the remote effect of low-dose irradiation on the lifespan. Since cells with a weakened defense system accumulate lesions and age at a higher rate, their elimination in early ontogeny decelerates age-related changes and decreases the aging rate. In subsequent generations, this somatic stress response (hormesis) is replaced by negative genetic effects at the population level and, consequently, the lifespan decreases. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Effect of low-dose irradiation on the lifespan in various strains of Drosophila melanogaster

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102279540606007X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Drosophila melanogaster strains defective in repair, antioxidant defense, and apoptosis displayed a higher aging rate than the wild-type strains when unexposed to ionizing radiation. Irradiation changed the lifespan depending on the genotype. The lifespan and the functional (neuromuscular) activity, which reflects the “life quality,” changed in the same direction. A mechanism was suggested for the remote effect of low-dose irradiation on the lifespan. Since cells with a weakened defense system accumulate lesions and age at a higher rate, their elimination in early ontogeny decelerates age-related changes and decreases the aging rate. In subsequent generations, this somatic stress response (hormesis) is replaced by negative genetic effects at the population level and, consequently, the lifespan decreases.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 16, 2006

References

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