We studied the effect of low above-zero temperature (2°C) on the content of low-molecular antioxidants (ascorbic acid, glutathione, and carotenoids) and also activities of antioxidant enzymes (ascorbate peroxidase, APO; catalase, CAT; glutathione reductase, GR; and superoxide dismutase, SOD) in green barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seedlings. Under stress conditions, the content of low-molecular antioxidants, especially that of reduced ascorbate form, increased. Low-temperature stress activated APO, CAT, GR, and SOD. First enzymes responding to the action of stress factor were APO and CAT, i.e., enzymes neutralizing hydrogen peroxide in plant cells, which indicated H2O2 active generation at low temperature. Cytoplasmic SOD was more active than its chloroplast isoforms. This indicates that oxidative process initiation under low-temperature stress occurred more active in the cytosol. After termination of stress-factor action, the content of total ascorbate, glutathione, and carotenoids reduced rapidly to the level close to the initial one. During post-stress period, the amount of reduced ascorbate declined as well; however, it remained at the level higher than the initial one. Activities of APO and CAT dropped sharply; activities of GR and SOD reduced gradually. Thus, reduced ascorbate, APO, and CAT play an important role in plant cell defense against above-zero temperatures close to zero; reduced ascorbate, GR, and SOD are especially important during post-stress period.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 31, 2009
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