Effect of knockout of α-carbonic anhydrase 4 gene on photosynthetic characteristics and starch accumulation in leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana

Effect of knockout of α-carbonic anhydrase 4 gene on photosynthetic characteristics and starch... Effects of knockout of the gene encoding α-carbonic anhydrase 4 (α-CA4) on growth and photosynthesis of Thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., var. Columbia) were investigated. The shoot weight of mutant plants was found to be higher than in wild-type plants, and the leaves of mutants were enriched in starch content. The electron microscopy study revealed a considerable increase in the number and size of starch grains in chloroplasts of mutant plants. Comparison of wild-type and mutant plant leaves in terms of chlorophyll a fluorescence, coefficient of photochemical fluorescence quenching, effective quantum yield of photosystem II reaction, and nonphotochemical fluorescence quenching under steady-state illumination and saturating CO2 content in the air led to the proposal that α-CA4 participates in the development of nonphotochemical energy dissipation by accelerating the supply of protons for activation of violaxanthin deepoxidase and for structural changes in the light-harvesting complexes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Effect of knockout of α-carbonic anhydrase 4 gene on photosynthetic characteristics and starch accumulation in leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443715040214
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Effects of knockout of the gene encoding α-carbonic anhydrase 4 (α-CA4) on growth and photosynthesis of Thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., var. Columbia) were investigated. The shoot weight of mutant plants was found to be higher than in wild-type plants, and the leaves of mutants were enriched in starch content. The electron microscopy study revealed a considerable increase in the number and size of starch grains in chloroplasts of mutant plants. Comparison of wild-type and mutant plant leaves in terms of chlorophyll a fluorescence, coefficient of photochemical fluorescence quenching, effective quantum yield of photosystem II reaction, and nonphotochemical fluorescence quenching under steady-state illumination and saturating CO2 content in the air led to the proposal that α-CA4 participates in the development of nonphotochemical energy dissipation by accelerating the supply of protons for activation of violaxanthin deepoxidase and for structural changes in the light-harvesting complexes.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 17, 2015

References

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