The effects of treatment with jasmonic acid (JA) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L, cv. Elegia) coleoptiles on the generation of superoxide anion-radical (O 2 ·− ), the activity of extracellular peroxidase, enzymatic and non-enzymatic components of the antioxidant system were studied. During the first hour after the start of coleoptile treatment with 1 μM JA, the generation of O 2 ·− was enhanced and the extracellular peroxidase was activated. During following 23 h, these effects were gradually reduced. JA-enhanced O 2 ·− generation was partially suppressed by coleoptile treatment with the inhibitor of peroxidase salicylhydroxamic acid, the inhibitor of NADPH-oxidase imidazol, and also the calcium chelator EGTA. Under the influence of JA treatment, antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, and soluble guaiacol peroxidase) in wheat coleoptiles were activated. Treatment with JA improved coleoptile tolerance to damaging heating (10 min at 43°C); it favored the maintenance of the pools of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants. The inhibitors of NADPH-oxidase and peroxidase, and also calcium chelator reduced a positive JA influence on coleoptile thermotolerance. The role of changes in the pro-/antioxidant balance in plant tissues for the realization of stress-defensive JA effects is discussed.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 27, 2014
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