Effect of Interstitial Fluid Flow on Drug-Coated Balloon Delivery in a Patient-Specific Arterial Vessel with Heterogeneous Tissue Composition: A Simulation Study

Effect of Interstitial Fluid Flow on Drug-Coated Balloon Delivery in a Patient-Specific Arterial... Angioplasty with drug-coated balloons (DCBs) using excipients as drug carriers is emerging as a potentially viable strategy demonstrating clinical efficacy and proposing additional compliance for the treatment of obstructive vascular diseases. An attempt is made to develop an improved computational model where attention has been paid to the effect of interstitial flow, that is, plasma convection and internalization of bound drug. The present model is capable of capturing the phenomena of the transport of free drug and its retention, and also the internalization of drug in the process of endocytosis to atherosclerotic vessel of heterogeneous tissue composition comprising of healthy tissue, as well as regions of fibrous cap, fibro-fatty, calcified and necrotic core lesions. Image processing based on an unsupervised clustering technique is used for color-based segmentation of a patient-specific longitudinal image of atherosclerotic vessel obtained from intravascular ultrasound derived virtual histology. As the residence time of drug in a stent-based delivery within the arterial tissue is strongly influenced by convective forces, effect of interstitial fluid flow in case of DCB delivery can not be ruled out, and has been investigated by modeling it through unsteady Navier–Stokes equations. Transport of free drug is modeled by considering unsteady advection–reaction–diffusion process, while the bound drug, assuming completely immobilized in the tissue, by unsteady reaction process. The model also takes into account the internalization of drug through the process of endocytosis which gets degraded by the lysosomes and finally recycled into the extracellular fluid. All the governing equations representing the flow of interstitial fluid, the transport of free drug, the metabolization of free drug into bound phase and the process of internalization along with the physiologically realistic boundary and initial conditions are solved numerically using marker and cell method satisfying necessary stability criteria. Simulated results obtained predict that faster drug transfer promotes rapid saturation of binding sites despite perivascular wash out and the concentrations of all drug forms are modulated by the presence of interstitial flow. Such premier attempt of its kind would certainly be of great help in the optimization of therapeutic efficacy of drug. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology Springer Journals

Effect of Interstitial Fluid Flow on Drug-Coated Balloon Delivery in a Patient-Specific Arterial Vessel with Heterogeneous Tissue Composition: A Simulation Study

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-interstitial-fluid-flow-on-drug-coated-balloon-delivery-in-a-aKGT7T6UVH
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Biomedical Engineering Society
Subject
Engineering; Biomedical Engineering; Cardiology; Biomedicine, general
ISSN
1869-408X
eISSN
1869-4098
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13239-018-0345-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Angioplasty with drug-coated balloons (DCBs) using excipients as drug carriers is emerging as a potentially viable strategy demonstrating clinical efficacy and proposing additional compliance for the treatment of obstructive vascular diseases. An attempt is made to develop an improved computational model where attention has been paid to the effect of interstitial flow, that is, plasma convection and internalization of bound drug. The present model is capable of capturing the phenomena of the transport of free drug and its retention, and also the internalization of drug in the process of endocytosis to atherosclerotic vessel of heterogeneous tissue composition comprising of healthy tissue, as well as regions of fibrous cap, fibro-fatty, calcified and necrotic core lesions. Image processing based on an unsupervised clustering technique is used for color-based segmentation of a patient-specific longitudinal image of atherosclerotic vessel obtained from intravascular ultrasound derived virtual histology. As the residence time of drug in a stent-based delivery within the arterial tissue is strongly influenced by convective forces, effect of interstitial fluid flow in case of DCB delivery can not be ruled out, and has been investigated by modeling it through unsteady Navier–Stokes equations. Transport of free drug is modeled by considering unsteady advection–reaction–diffusion process, while the bound drug, assuming completely immobilized in the tissue, by unsteady reaction process. The model also takes into account the internalization of drug through the process of endocytosis which gets degraded by the lysosomes and finally recycled into the extracellular fluid. All the governing equations representing the flow of interstitial fluid, the transport of free drug, the metabolization of free drug into bound phase and the process of internalization along with the physiologically realistic boundary and initial conditions are solved numerically using marker and cell method satisfying necessary stability criteria. Simulated results obtained predict that faster drug transfer promotes rapid saturation of binding sites despite perivascular wash out and the concentrations of all drug forms are modulated by the presence of interstitial flow. Such premier attempt of its kind would certainly be of great help in the optimization of therapeutic efficacy of drug.

Journal

Cardiovascular Engineering and TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 5, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off