The effect of phosmidomycin and mevinolin, which inhibit MEP and MVA isoprenoid biosynthetic pathways, respectively, on the growth (biomass accumulation, growth index, specific growth rate), physiological (respiration intensity and ratio between the cytochrome and cyanide-resistant respiration types), and biosynthetic (steroid glycoside biosynthesis) characteristics of the cell suspension culture of Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. has been studied. Both inhibitors decreased the growth index of a cell culture by 20–25%, but their influence on the cell growth dynamics was different. Mevinolin treatment reduced the maximum biomass accumulation by 20% as against the control but did not change the character of a growth curve. Phosmidomycin treatment caused a significant growth delay (a 6-day lag phase) followed by a short active growth period (μ = 0.29 days-1). Treatment of cells with inhibitors did not significantly influence on their total oxygen uptake rate, whose average value at different growth phases was equal to 100–200 mg О2/g of dry cell weight per hour, but cardinally changed characteristics of respiratory metabolism. The inhibitors increased the activity of a cyanide-resistant respiration and decreased the intensity of a cytochrome respiration; each inhibitor worked in its specific manner. In the case of mevinolin, the maximum level of cyanide-resistant respiration (70% of the total respiration intensity) was observed at initial growth phases; during the further cell culture growth, this value gradually reduced to 6–8%. Phosmidomycin treatment caused a reverse dynamics: at the initial growth phases, the contribution of cyanide-resistant respiration was 30%, whereas at the stationary and degradation phases it increased to 50–60%. The treatment of cells with phosmidomycin resulted in a double increase in the content of furostanol glycosides at the stationary growth phase, whereas the use of mevinolin-containing medium reduced the content of these compounds as against the control. Inhibitors also influenced on the ratio of individual glycosides, such as protodioscin, deltoside, and their 26-S-isomers. The obtained results confirm the hypothesis of a possible intermediate exchange between the plastid (MEP) and cytosolic (MVA) isoprenoid biosynthetic pathways; this exchange is directed mainly from the plastids to the cytosol.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 19, 2016
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