Effect of immunomodulators on potato resistance and susceptibility to Phytophthora infestans

Effect of immunomodulators on potato resistance and susceptibility to Phytophthora infestans The mechanisms of induced resistance and susceptibility of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers to late blight agent (Phytophthora infestans Mont de Bary) were studied using an elicitor chitosan and an immunosuppressor laminarin. It was elucidated that treatment of disks from potato tubers with chitosan resulted in salicyclic acid (SA) accumulation due to activation of benzoate-2-hydroxylase and hydrolysis of SA conjugates. Such SA accumulation in potato tissues inhibited one of the antioxidant enzymes, catalase, inducing an oxidative burst and resistance development. The mechanisms of induced susceptibility to the late blight causal agent were studied using an unspecific immunosuppressor, laminarin, an analogue of natural specific suppressor of potato immune responses, β-1,3,β-1,6-glucan. It was established that the development of immunosuppression in tissues treated with laminarin did not affect the SA level in tissues. However, catalase sensitivity to SA reduced in laminarin-treated tissues, and the enzyme activity increased. In its turn, this might result in the reduced level of hydrogen peroxide in the cells and, as a sequence, in the increased potato susceptibility to late blight. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Effect of immunomodulators on potato resistance and susceptibility to Phytophthora infestans

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443706040091
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The mechanisms of induced resistance and susceptibility of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers to late blight agent (Phytophthora infestans Mont de Bary) were studied using an elicitor chitosan and an immunosuppressor laminarin. It was elucidated that treatment of disks from potato tubers with chitosan resulted in salicyclic acid (SA) accumulation due to activation of benzoate-2-hydroxylase and hydrolysis of SA conjugates. Such SA accumulation in potato tissues inhibited one of the antioxidant enzymes, catalase, inducing an oxidative burst and resistance development. The mechanisms of induced susceptibility to the late blight causal agent were studied using an unspecific immunosuppressor, laminarin, an analogue of natural specific suppressor of potato immune responses, β-1,3,β-1,6-glucan. It was established that the development of immunosuppression in tissues treated with laminarin did not affect the SA level in tissues. However, catalase sensitivity to SA reduced in laminarin-treated tissues, and the enzyme activity increased. In its turn, this might result in the reduced level of hydrogen peroxide in the cells and, as a sequence, in the increased potato susceptibility to late blight.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 7, 2006

References

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