Effect of immunomodulators on potato resistance and susceptibility to Phytophthora infestans

Effect of immunomodulators on potato resistance and susceptibility to Phytophthora infestans The mechanisms of induced resistance and susceptibility of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers to late blight agent (Phytophthora infestans Mont de Bary) were studied using an elicitor chitosan and an immunosuppressor laminarin. It was elucidated that treatment of disks from potato tubers with chitosan resulted in salicyclic acid (SA) accumulation due to activation of benzoate-2-hydroxylase and hydrolysis of SA conjugates. Such SA accumulation in potato tissues inhibited one of the antioxidant enzymes, catalase, inducing an oxidative burst and resistance development. The mechanisms of induced susceptibility to the late blight causal agent were studied using an unspecific immunosuppressor, laminarin, an analogue of natural specific suppressor of potato immune responses, β-1,3,β-1,6-glucan. It was established that the development of immunosuppression in tissues treated with laminarin did not affect the SA level in tissues. However, catalase sensitivity to SA reduced in laminarin-treated tissues, and the enzyme activity increased. In its turn, this might result in the reduced level of hydrogen peroxide in the cells and, as a sequence, in the increased potato susceptibility to late blight. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Effect of immunomodulators on potato resistance and susceptibility to Phytophthora infestans

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-immunomodulators-on-potato-resistance-and-susceptibility-to-tQxlMYh0Bc
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443706040091
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The mechanisms of induced resistance and susceptibility of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers to late blight agent (Phytophthora infestans Mont de Bary) were studied using an elicitor chitosan and an immunosuppressor laminarin. It was elucidated that treatment of disks from potato tubers with chitosan resulted in salicyclic acid (SA) accumulation due to activation of benzoate-2-hydroxylase and hydrolysis of SA conjugates. Such SA accumulation in potato tissues inhibited one of the antioxidant enzymes, catalase, inducing an oxidative burst and resistance development. The mechanisms of induced susceptibility to the late blight causal agent were studied using an unspecific immunosuppressor, laminarin, an analogue of natural specific suppressor of potato immune responses, β-1,3,β-1,6-glucan. It was established that the development of immunosuppression in tissues treated with laminarin did not affect the SA level in tissues. However, catalase sensitivity to SA reduced in laminarin-treated tissues, and the enzyme activity increased. In its turn, this might result in the reduced level of hydrogen peroxide in the cells and, as a sequence, in the increased potato susceptibility to late blight.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 7, 2006

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off