Effect of preparations of a peptide nature (pituitrin and oxytocin) and of a steroid nature (progesterone and hydrocortisone) on embryonic development of freshwater gastropod Lymnaea stagnalis (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata) is described. The hormonal preparations used, which differed in chemical nature and physiological activity, may render diverse effects on embryogenesis of the studied mollusk. Of neurohormones, pituitrin rendered the most noticeable and principally stimulating effect. Oxytocin was incorporated in regulatory processes much later and its effect on the rate of realization of particular stages depended more on the quality of occurring changes. In final stages of development, this hormone principally inhibited growth and development of embryos. The female sex hormone progesterone rendered an expressed stimulatory effect, especially notable in later developmental stages of embryos. The hormone hydrocortisone stimulated initial stages of embryogenesis. Its effect was almost not expressed in the final stages. The discovered differences seem to be related both to the functional specificity of the investigated compounds and to specific traits of mechanisms of realization of their effects. A hypothesis is formulated: in gastropods, similarly to vertebrates, the hormones are systemic embryonic and postnatal inducers of differentiation processes.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 8, 2011
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