Effect of graphite structures on the productivity and quality of few-layer graphene in liquid-phase exfoliation

Effect of graphite structures on the productivity and quality of few-layer graphene in... Liquid-phase exfoliation (LPE) is a promising technique for commercializing graphene production because of its simplicity and cost-effectiveness. However, the low yield of graphene in laboratory-scale production, less than 10 g/h, necessitates modifications to the process for it to be feasible for commercial applications. Natural graphite has various size distribution, crystallite sizes, and interlayer space, making the choice of initial graphite very important. Five types of natural graphite with different structures were prepared for the experiment. The structural parameters of graphite such as crystallite size and d-spacing were precisely determined based on a standard procedure of X-ray diffraction measurements for carbon materials. The effects of graphite flake size and crystallite size on the productivity and quality of few-layer graphene (FLG) were investigated. The results showed that small graphite was easier to fragment and exfoliate. FLG productivity improvement up to 1500% was attained when graphite with smaller flakes was used instead of graphite with large flakes. The crystallite size of graphite was manipulated by plenary ball milling, and the effect of crystallite on FLG productivity in LPE process was also discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Materials Science Springer Journals

Effect of graphite structures on the productivity and quality of few-layer graphene in liquid-phase exfoliation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-graphite-structures-on-the-productivity-and-quality-of-few-xyV3Jn4zfY
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Materials Science; Materials Science, general; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Polymer Sciences; Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials; Crystallography and Scattering Methods; Classical Mechanics
ISSN
0022-2461
eISSN
1573-4803
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10853-018-2538-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Liquid-phase exfoliation (LPE) is a promising technique for commercializing graphene production because of its simplicity and cost-effectiveness. However, the low yield of graphene in laboratory-scale production, less than 10 g/h, necessitates modifications to the process for it to be feasible for commercial applications. Natural graphite has various size distribution, crystallite sizes, and interlayer space, making the choice of initial graphite very important. Five types of natural graphite with different structures were prepared for the experiment. The structural parameters of graphite such as crystallite size and d-spacing were precisely determined based on a standard procedure of X-ray diffraction measurements for carbon materials. The effects of graphite flake size and crystallite size on the productivity and quality of few-layer graphene (FLG) were investigated. The results showed that small graphite was easier to fragment and exfoliate. FLG productivity improvement up to 1500% was attained when graphite with smaller flakes was used instead of graphite with large flakes. The crystallite size of graphite was manipulated by plenary ball milling, and the effect of crystallite on FLG productivity in LPE process was also discussed.

Journal

Journal of Materials ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 6, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off