The effect of freeze- and spray-drying on physico-chemical characteristics, phenolics compounds and antioxidant activity of papaya pulp was investigated. The frozen pulp was freeze dried at − 62 °C during 48 h. Papaya pulp with 14% DE maltodextrin was also dried in a spray dryer. The organic acids, sugars, color, total soluble solids, pH, carotenoids, phenolic and flavonoid compounds, and antioxidant capacity values were determined. The changes in color, pH and lycopene were negligible. However, lower retention (86.5%) of vitamin C and sugars (glucose—79.7% and fructose—66.1%) was observed in spray dried products. Phenolic and flavonoid compounds were identified and quantified in dried papaya products by UHPLC-QqQ-MS/MS. Spray dried products presented a higher retention of phenolic and flavonoid compounds compared to the freeze dried products. Despite some variations in the parameters studied, the use of freeze- and spray-drying has proven viable options for the drying of papaya pulp.
Journal of Food Science and Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 19, 2018
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