Effect of Elevated Temperature on Nitrite and Nitrate Reduction in Leaves and Intact Chloroplasts

Effect of Elevated Temperature on Nitrite and Nitrate Reduction in Leaves and Intact Chloroplasts Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves and intact spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) chloroplasts were exposed to short-term heating, and the aftereffects of heat treatment on in vitro andin vivo activities of nitrate reductase and noncyclic electron transport associated with nitrite reduction were studied. Heating of leaves at temperatures above 40°C led to a monotonic decrease in nitrate reductase in vitro activity. On the contrary, the in vivo enzyme activity, assayed in intact leaf tissues after 5-min heat treatment, increased 1.5 times upon elevating the pretreatment temperature from 37 to 40°C and gradually decreased at higher temperatures. Noncyclic electron transport related to CO2 fixation in intact chloroplasts decreased gradually after heat exposures above 39°C, unlike the electron transport to nitrite as a terminal acceptor, which was stimulated by heating of intact chloroplast suspensions in the temperature range from 33 to 40°C. The heating at higher temperatures inhibited nitrite photoreduction. It is concluded that the heating of phototrophic cells at sublethal temperatures stimulates the mobilization of inorganic nitrogen and thereby facilitates the repair of thermally induced injuries of proteinaceous cell structures. The stimulation of nitrate reductase activity in vivo at the temperature range 37–40°C provides an evidence for the increase in the availability of reductants in the cytosolic compartment of the leaf cell. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Effect of Elevated Temperature on Nitrite and Nitrate Reduction in Leaves and Intact Chloroplasts

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-elevated-temperature-on-nitrite-and-nitrate-reduction-in-6f00VRnfI8
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1025675721136
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial