Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves and intact spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) chloroplasts were exposed to short-term heating, and the aftereffects of heat treatment on in vitro andin vivo activities of nitrate reductase and noncyclic electron transport associated with nitrite reduction were studied. Heating of leaves at temperatures above 40°C led to a monotonic decrease in nitrate reductase in vitro activity. On the contrary, the in vivo enzyme activity, assayed in intact leaf tissues after 5-min heat treatment, increased 1.5 times upon elevating the pretreatment temperature from 37 to 40°C and gradually decreased at higher temperatures. Noncyclic electron transport related to CO2 fixation in intact chloroplasts decreased gradually after heat exposures above 39°C, unlike the electron transport to nitrite as a terminal acceptor, which was stimulated by heating of intact chloroplast suspensions in the temperature range from 33 to 40°C. The heating at higher temperatures inhibited nitrite photoreduction. It is concluded that the heating of phototrophic cells at sublethal temperatures stimulates the mobilization of inorganic nitrogen and thereby facilitates the repair of thermally induced injuries of proteinaceous cell structures. The stimulation of nitrate reductase activity in vivo at the temperature range 37–40°C provides an evidence for the increase in the availability of reductants in the cytosolic compartment of the leaf cell.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 11, 2004
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