In order to elucidate the physiological role of phytoecdysteroids in plants, we investigated the effects of exogenous ecdysterone (ECD) and phytohormones (IAA, GA3, and 24-epibrassinolide (EBL)) on the growth of wheat coleoptiles and Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings (wild-type ecotype Columbia (Col) and its det2 mutant), on α-amylase activity in the barley aleurone layer, and on the pigment content in the kidney bean senescent leaves. The range of effective ECD concentrations depended on the type of a reaction to be regulated. The regulation of growth processes was affected by a wide range of ECD concentrations (10–13–10–5 M), whereas some metabolic processes, such as the activation of α-amylase and the retardation of leaf yellowing, by a narrow range, that is, 10–9–10–7 M and 10–9–10–8 M, respectively. We noted the synergetic effect of ECD and IAA on coleoptile elongation, the antagonistic effect of ECD and EBL on coleoptile elongation, as well as the antagonistic action of ECD and GA3 on coleoptile elongation and α-amylase activity. The data obtained demonstrate that ECD is a physiologically active compound. ECD might be supposed to act as a source of sterols or a regulator of IAA and protein synthesis. The effects of this regulator seems to be brought about by its interaction with the EBL and GA3 receptors.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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