Effect of Dual Pre-treatment on Mechanical, Morphological, Electrical and Thermal Properties of Rubber Seed Shell-Reinforced Epoxy Composites

Effect of Dual Pre-treatment on Mechanical, Morphological, Electrical and Thermal Properties of... The intent of the current study is to develop composite material from biodegradable waste rubber seed shell (RSS) and epoxy resin. The purpose is to enhance the properties of the polymer by reinforcing with RSS filler. The effect of dual pre-treatment on the mechanical, morphological, electrical and thermal properties of RSS through solvent extraction and alkali treatment processes is investigated in the present work. Composite material is developed using 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt% of RSS. Tensile test results show an increase in the tensile strength and Young’s modulus of the treated composite specimens compared to non-treated ones. The pre-treatment of the shell using solvent extraction and alkali treatment shows a considerable reduction in moisture absorption by the composite. Scanning electron microscope observations reveal excellent interaction between the pre-treated RSS and epoxy matrix with the reduction in fiber pullout, micro-spaces and voids. The inclusion of RSS filler does not have significant effect on the thermal stability of the composite. But incorporation of RSS fillers lowers the electrical conductivity of the epoxy matrix. Thus, rubber seed shell-reinforced epoxy composites are expected to be effective in reducing agricultural waste and may find promising applications in the development of value added http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering Springer Journals

Effect of Dual Pre-treatment on Mechanical, Morphological, Electrical and Thermal Properties of Rubber Seed Shell-Reinforced Epoxy Composites

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals
Subject
Engineering; Engineering, general; Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary
ISSN
1319-8025
eISSN
2191-4281
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13369-018-3302-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The intent of the current study is to develop composite material from biodegradable waste rubber seed shell (RSS) and epoxy resin. The purpose is to enhance the properties of the polymer by reinforcing with RSS filler. The effect of dual pre-treatment on the mechanical, morphological, electrical and thermal properties of RSS through solvent extraction and alkali treatment processes is investigated in the present work. Composite material is developed using 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt% of RSS. Tensile test results show an increase in the tensile strength and Young’s modulus of the treated composite specimens compared to non-treated ones. The pre-treatment of the shell using solvent extraction and alkali treatment shows a considerable reduction in moisture absorption by the composite. Scanning electron microscope observations reveal excellent interaction between the pre-treated RSS and epoxy matrix with the reduction in fiber pullout, micro-spaces and voids. The inclusion of RSS filler does not have significant effect on the thermal stability of the composite. But incorporation of RSS fillers lowers the electrical conductivity of the epoxy matrix. Thus, rubber seed shell-reinforced epoxy composites are expected to be effective in reducing agricultural waste and may find promising applications in the development of value added

Journal

Arabian Journal for Science and EngineeringSpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

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