Effect of D,L-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine on the ratio of glutathione forms and the growth of Tatar buckwheat calli

Effect of D,L-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine on the ratio of glutathione forms and the growth of... We studied the intracellular content of reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione, glutathione reductase activity, glutathione-S-transferase, and ascorbate peroxidase in morphogenic and nonmorphogenic Tatar buckwheat calli during the culture cycle as well as under the treatment with D,L-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine (BSO), an inhibitor of γ-glutamylcysteine synthase, the first enzyme of glutathione biosynthesis. We found that, during passaging, cultures only slightly differed in total glutathione content; however, the content of GSH was higher in the morphogenic culture, whereas the content of GSSG was higher in the nonmorphogenic culture. In the morphogenic callus, the glutathione-S-transferase activity was 10–20 times higher and the glutathione reductase activity was 2–2.5 times lower than in the nonmorphogenic callus. Under the treatment with BSO, the decrease in the GSH content in the morphogenic callus was temporary (on day 6–8 of passage), whereas that in the nonmorphogenic callus decreased within a day and remained lower than in the control throughout the entire passage. In the morphogenic callus, BSO did not affect the content of GSSG, whereas it caused GSSG accumulation in the nonmorphogenic callus. These differences are probably due to the fact that, in the BSO-containing medium, glutathione reductase is activated in the morphogenic callus and, conversely, inhibited in the nonmorphogenic callus. Although BSO caused a decrease in the total glutathione content only in the nonmorphogenic culture, the cytostatic effect of BSO was more pronounced in the morphogenic callus. In addition, BSO also had a negative effect on the differentiation of proembryonic cell complexes in the morphogenic callus. The role of the glutathione redox status in maintaining the embryogenic activity of cultured plant cells is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Developmental Biology Springer Journals

Effect of D,L-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine on the ratio of glutathione forms and the growth of Tatar buckwheat calli

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Developmental Biology; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1062-3604
eISSN
1608-3326
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1062360414010056
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We studied the intracellular content of reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione, glutathione reductase activity, glutathione-S-transferase, and ascorbate peroxidase in morphogenic and nonmorphogenic Tatar buckwheat calli during the culture cycle as well as under the treatment with D,L-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine (BSO), an inhibitor of γ-glutamylcysteine synthase, the first enzyme of glutathione biosynthesis. We found that, during passaging, cultures only slightly differed in total glutathione content; however, the content of GSH was higher in the morphogenic culture, whereas the content of GSSG was higher in the nonmorphogenic culture. In the morphogenic callus, the glutathione-S-transferase activity was 10–20 times higher and the glutathione reductase activity was 2–2.5 times lower than in the nonmorphogenic callus. Under the treatment with BSO, the decrease in the GSH content in the morphogenic callus was temporary (on day 6–8 of passage), whereas that in the nonmorphogenic callus decreased within a day and remained lower than in the control throughout the entire passage. In the morphogenic callus, BSO did not affect the content of GSSG, whereas it caused GSSG accumulation in the nonmorphogenic callus. These differences are probably due to the fact that, in the BSO-containing medium, glutathione reductase is activated in the morphogenic callus and, conversely, inhibited in the nonmorphogenic callus. Although BSO caused a decrease in the total glutathione content only in the nonmorphogenic culture, the cytostatic effect of BSO was more pronounced in the morphogenic callus. In addition, BSO also had a negative effect on the differentiation of proembryonic cell complexes in the morphogenic callus. The role of the glutathione redox status in maintaining the embryogenic activity of cultured plant cells is discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of Developmental BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 28, 2014

References

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