Effect of cytoplasmic streaming on photosynthetic activity of chloroplasts in internodes of Chara corallina

Effect of cytoplasmic streaming on photosynthetic activity of chloroplasts in internodes of Chara... Cytoplasmic streaming plays an important role in cell processes since it promotes solute exchange between the cytoplasm and organelles and enables lateral transport for extensive distances. The role of cyclosis in chloroplast functioning should be most conspicuous under conditions mimicking natural mosaic illumination and consequent alternation of cell regions with dominant dark and photosynthetic metabolism. Based on this assumption, we examined the light response curves and the induction kinetics of fluorescence-based parameters of chloroplast photosynthetic activity on small regions (d ∼ 100 μm) of Chara corallina Klein ex Willd. internodal cells exposed to local and overall illumination under conditions of normal cytoplasmic streaming and after suppression of cyclosis by cytochalasin B, an inhibitor of actin microfilaments. Under control conditions, the whole cell illumination caused non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) of chlorophyll fluorescence, which approached the saturation at a photon flux density of about 40 μmol/(m2 s). By contrast, illumination of a small (2 mm wide) cell part did not cause significant NPQ at light intensities up to 100 μmol/(m2 s), indicating that the chloroplast photosynthetic activity was substantially higher under conditions of localized illumination. After the inhibition of cyclosis by cytochalasin B, the light response curves were represented by nearly identical sigmoid curves, irrespective of the illumination pattern. When the cyclosis was restored in the cells washed from the inhibitor, the light response curves measured under overall and localized illumination returned to their original divergent shapes. These and other data indicate that different photosynthetic activities of chloroplasts in cells exposed to entire and partial illumination are directly related to the flow of compositionally nonuniform cytoplasm between the cell parts with prevalent photosynthetic and respiratory metabolism. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Effect of cytoplasmic streaming on photosynthetic activity of chloroplasts in internodes of Chara corallina

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-cytoplasmic-streaming-on-photosynthetic-activity-of-TJAJ5PR1HA
Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443711050050
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial