Effect of CO2 concentration on strength development and carbonation of a MgO-based binder for treating fine sediment

Effect of CO2 concentration on strength development and carbonation of a MgO-based binder for... We previously described a MgO-based binder for treating fine sediment and simultaneously store CO . Here, we describe a study of the physical/mechanical characteristics and carbonation reactions of the MgO-based binder used to solidify/stabilize fine sediment in atmospheres containing different CO concentrations. Carbonation of the sediment treated with the MgO-based binder at the atmo- spheric CO concentration markedly improved the compressive strength of the product. The compressive strength was 4.78 MPa after 365 days of curing, 1.3 times higher than the compressive strength of sediment treated with portland cement. This improvement was caused by the formation of carbonation products, such as hydromagnesite, nesquehonite, and lansfordite, and the constant high pH (~ 12) of the specimen, which favored the growth of hydration products such as calcium silicate hydrates and portlandite. Very low compressive strengths were found when 50 and 100% CO atmospheres were used because of excessive formation of carbonation products, which occupied 78% of the specimen depth. Abundant carbonation products increased the specimen volume and decreased the pH to 10.2, slowing the growth of hydration products. The absence of brucite in specimens produced in a 100% CO atmosphere indicated that MgO carbonation is favored over hydration at high CO http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science and Pollution Research Springer Journals

Effect of CO2 concentration on strength development and carbonation of a MgO-based binder for treating fine sediment

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Environmental Chemistry; Ecotoxicology; Environmental Health; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
ISSN
0944-1344
eISSN
1614-7499
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11356-018-2338-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We previously described a MgO-based binder for treating fine sediment and simultaneously store CO . Here, we describe a study of the physical/mechanical characteristics and carbonation reactions of the MgO-based binder used to solidify/stabilize fine sediment in atmospheres containing different CO concentrations. Carbonation of the sediment treated with the MgO-based binder at the atmo- spheric CO concentration markedly improved the compressive strength of the product. The compressive strength was 4.78 MPa after 365 days of curing, 1.3 times higher than the compressive strength of sediment treated with portland cement. This improvement was caused by the formation of carbonation products, such as hydromagnesite, nesquehonite, and lansfordite, and the constant high pH (~ 12) of the specimen, which favored the growth of hydration products such as calcium silicate hydrates and portlandite. Very low compressive strengths were found when 50 and 100% CO atmospheres were used because of excessive formation of carbonation products, which occupied 78% of the specimen depth. Abundant carbonation products increased the specimen volume and decreased the pH to 10.2, slowing the growth of hydration products. The absence of brucite in specimens produced in a 100% CO atmosphere indicated that MgO carbonation is favored over hydration at high CO

Journal

Environmental Science and Pollution ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References

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