A series of chitosan derivatives, namely polydiethylamino-ethylmethacrylate-chitosan-graft-copolymer (chitosan-g-DEAEMA), polycarboxy-chitosan-graft copolymer (chitosan-g-COOH), polyvinyl alcohol chitosan-graft-copolymer (chitosan-g-VOH), and carboxymethyl-chitosan (CM-chitosan), were synthesized and investigated as antioxidants for natural rubber (NR) and acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) mixes and vulcanizates to increase their durability. The rheometric characteristics of the rubber mixes were determined using an oscillating disc rheometer. The physico-mechanical properties of the rubber vulcanized were measured before and after exposure to thermal oxidative aging. It was found that the CM-chitosan had an accelerating effect on the curing process of NR and NBR. Also, the investigated polymers enhanced the properties of rubbers (NR and NBR) especially after ageing up to 7 days compared with commercial antioxidants, such as phenyl ß-naphthylamine (PßN) and N-isopropel-Nphenyl-p-phenylene diamine (IPPD) which are used in the rubber industry. After ageing, the retained values of tensile strength, modulus at 100 % strain, and elongation at break were improved. The optimum concentration of the investigated compounds used to give good properties was found to be 1–2 parts per 100 of rubber (phr). In addition, these prepared polymers showed a decrease in the equilibrium swelling of rubber in toluene which is the proper solvent and consequently increases the crosslink density for rubbers.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 23, 2013
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