Effect of Ceramide on Nonraft Proteins

Effect of Ceramide on Nonraft Proteins The currently accepted model of biological membranes involves a heterogeneous, highly dynamic organization, where certain lipids and proteins associate to form cooperative platforms (“rafts”) for cellular signaling or transport processes. Ceramides, a lipid species occurring under conditions of cellular stress and apoptosis, are considered to stabilize these platforms, thus modulating cellular function. The present study focuses on a previously unrecognized effect of ceramide generation. In agreement with previous studies, we find that ceramide leads to a depletion of sphingomyelin from mixtures with palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine bilayers, forming a ceramide–sphingomyelin-rich gel phase that coexists with a fluid phase rich in palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine. Interestingly, however, this latter phase has an almost fourfold smaller bending rigidity compared to a sphingomyelin–palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine mixture lacking ceramide. The significant change of membrane bulk properties can have severe consequences for conformational equilibria of membrane proteins. We discuss these effects in terms of the lateral pressure profile concept for a simple geometric model of an ion channel and find a significant inhibition of its activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-ceramide-on-nonraft-proteins-wWF0Tmz09z
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-009-9211-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The currently accepted model of biological membranes involves a heterogeneous, highly dynamic organization, where certain lipids and proteins associate to form cooperative platforms (“rafts”) for cellular signaling or transport processes. Ceramides, a lipid species occurring under conditions of cellular stress and apoptosis, are considered to stabilize these platforms, thus modulating cellular function. The present study focuses on a previously unrecognized effect of ceramide generation. In agreement with previous studies, we find that ceramide leads to a depletion of sphingomyelin from mixtures with palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine bilayers, forming a ceramide–sphingomyelin-rich gel phase that coexists with a fluid phase rich in palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine. Interestingly, however, this latter phase has an almost fourfold smaller bending rigidity compared to a sphingomyelin–palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine mixture lacking ceramide. The significant change of membrane bulk properties can have severe consequences for conformational equilibria of membrane proteins. We discuss these effects in terms of the lateral pressure profile concept for a simple geometric model of an ion channel and find a significant inhibition of its activity.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 31, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off