Effect of cadmium and arsenic on chlorophyll fluorescence of selected soybean cultivars

Effect of cadmium and arsenic on chlorophyll fluorescence of selected soybean cultivars The chlorophyll fluorescence imaging technique is a valuable tool for studying the impact of heavy metal stress in plants. The toxic effects of cadmium (50 mg/kg soil) and arsenic (5 mg/kg soil) on growth and the photosynthetic apparatus of two soybean cultivars (Glycine max (L.) Merr. cvs. Bólyi 44 and Cordoba) were assessed. After 10 days of growth in the contaminated soil, fresh and dry weights of shoots and maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (F v/F m) for the three types of leaves (UL—unifoliate leaf, TL1—first fully expanded trifoliate leaf, TL2—newly expanding trifoliate leaf) were determined. No statistically significant change in the growth parameters was recorded. In the youngest leaves (TL2) of cultivar Bólyi 44, arsenic caused decrease in F v/F m by 8.6%. In the cultivar Cordoba we recorded the arsenic impact, conversely, having the highest inhibition rate of fluorescence in the oldest leaves (UL decrease of 5.62%). A similar difference in trend of changes in F v/F m as the impact of cadmium was also recorded. With the Bólyi 44 variety, the TL2 leaves showed most sensitive response (a decrease of 10.75%); while in the case of Cordoba variety TL2 leaves showed the highest tolerance (a decrease of 1.2%). The results suggest possible genotypic differences in defense strategy against cadmium and arsenic in the different types of leaves. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Effect of cadmium and arsenic on chlorophyll fluorescence of selected soybean cultivars

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/effect-of-cadmium-and-arsenic-on-chlorophyll-fluorescence-of-selected-Gv5EfFBbVK
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443716040129
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The chlorophyll fluorescence imaging technique is a valuable tool for studying the impact of heavy metal stress in plants. The toxic effects of cadmium (50 mg/kg soil) and arsenic (5 mg/kg soil) on growth and the photosynthetic apparatus of two soybean cultivars (Glycine max (L.) Merr. cvs. Bólyi 44 and Cordoba) were assessed. After 10 days of growth in the contaminated soil, fresh and dry weights of shoots and maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (F v/F m) for the three types of leaves (UL—unifoliate leaf, TL1—first fully expanded trifoliate leaf, TL2—newly expanding trifoliate leaf) were determined. No statistically significant change in the growth parameters was recorded. In the youngest leaves (TL2) of cultivar Bólyi 44, arsenic caused decrease in F v/F m by 8.6%. In the cultivar Cordoba we recorded the arsenic impact, conversely, having the highest inhibition rate of fluorescence in the oldest leaves (UL decrease of 5.62%). A similar difference in trend of changes in F v/F m as the impact of cadmium was also recorded. With the Bólyi 44 variety, the TL2 leaves showed most sensitive response (a decrease of 10.75%); while in the case of Cordoba variety TL2 leaves showed the highest tolerance (a decrease of 1.2%). The results suggest possible genotypic differences in defense strategy against cadmium and arsenic in the different types of leaves.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 24, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off