Effect of Ca2+ Ions on Electrical Properties of Ba1−x Ca x Ti0.90Sn0.10O3–0.05Y2O3 Ceramics

Effect of Ca2+ Ions on Electrical Properties of Ba1−x Ca x Ti0.90Sn0.10O3–0.05Y2O3 Ceramics Ba1−x Ca x Ti0.90Sn0.10O3–0.05Y2O3 (BCTSY) lead-free piezoceramics with x = 0.02 to 0.10 have been fabricated by solid-state sintering method at 1420°C. The effects of Ca2+ ions on the microstructure and electrical properties of the samples were studied. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that all samples possessed pure perovskite structure with Ca2+ ions diffused into the matrix lattice. The rhombohedral phase and tetragonal phase coexisted in the composition range of 0.02 < x < 0.06. The microstructure of BCTSY ceramic became more homogeneous with addition of Ca2+ ions, and the average grain size of the samples decreased from 97 μm (x = 0.02) to 18 μm (x = 0.10). Addition of Ca2+ remarkably improved the piezoelectric properties, enhanced the dielectric frequency dispersion, and increased the Curie temperature of the ceramics. The piezoelectric properties of the ceramics were optimized at x = 0.04 with d 33 and K p values of 579 pC/N and 52.7%, respectively. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Electronic Materials Springer Journals

Effect of Ca2+ Ions on Electrical Properties of Ba1−x Ca x Ti0.90Sn0.10O3–0.05Y2O3 Ceramics

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Subject
Materials Science; Optical and Electronic Materials; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation; Solid State Physics
ISSN
0361-5235
eISSN
1543-186X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11664-018-6147-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ba1−x Ca x Ti0.90Sn0.10O3–0.05Y2O3 (BCTSY) lead-free piezoceramics with x = 0.02 to 0.10 have been fabricated by solid-state sintering method at 1420°C. The effects of Ca2+ ions on the microstructure and electrical properties of the samples were studied. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that all samples possessed pure perovskite structure with Ca2+ ions diffused into the matrix lattice. The rhombohedral phase and tetragonal phase coexisted in the composition range of 0.02 < x < 0.06. The microstructure of BCTSY ceramic became more homogeneous with addition of Ca2+ ions, and the average grain size of the samples decreased from 97 μm (x = 0.02) to 18 μm (x = 0.10). Addition of Ca2+ remarkably improved the piezoelectric properties, enhanced the dielectric frequency dispersion, and increased the Curie temperature of the ceramics. The piezoelectric properties of the ceramics were optimized at x = 0.04 with d 33 and K p values of 579 pC/N and 52.7%, respectively.

Journal

Journal of Electronic MaterialsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 22, 2018

References

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