Effect of anthropogenic pollution on the immunological and biochemical mechanisms of maintaining homeostasis in fish of the Black Sea

Effect of anthropogenic pollution on the immunological and biochemical mechanisms of maintaining... This paper examines several immuno-biochemical indices of the liver and blood serum of the Mediterranean horse mackerel Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus (Aleev, 1956) and the round goby Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1814) that live in the coastal waters of the Black Sea in locations with different anthropogenic loads. The antimicrobial properties of blood serum, the lipid fraction composition and antioxidant activity of the fish tissues were investigated. Fish from the polluted location displayed weak humoral immunity, low antioxidant activity of tissues, and low triglyceride content, compared to individuals from relatively clean habitats. At the same time, the contents of total lipids, cholesterol, nonesterified fatty acids, and malonic dialdehyde in fish were higher in the polluted than in the relatively low-polluted location. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Effect of anthropogenic pollution on the immunological and biochemical mechanisms of maintaining homeostasis in fish of the Black Sea

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074011020076
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper examines several immuno-biochemical indices of the liver and blood serum of the Mediterranean horse mackerel Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus (Aleev, 1956) and the round goby Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1814) that live in the coastal waters of the Black Sea in locations with different anthropogenic loads. The antimicrobial properties of blood serum, the lipid fraction composition and antioxidant activity of the fish tissues were investigated. Fish from the polluted location displayed weak humoral immunity, low antioxidant activity of tissues, and low triglyceride content, compared to individuals from relatively clean habitats. At the same time, the contents of total lipids, cholesterol, nonesterified fatty acids, and malonic dialdehyde in fish were higher in the polluted than in the relatively low-polluted location.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 5, 2011

References

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