Effect of Al2O3 + 4SiO2 Additives on Sintering Behavior and Thermal Shock Resistance of MgO-Based Ceramics

Effect of Al2O3 + 4SiO2 Additives on Sintering Behavior and Thermal Shock Resistance of MgO-Based... In order to improve the sinterability and thermal shock resistance of ceramic based on MgO magnesium oxide of micron grain size composition is used as the main starting raw material with additions of nano-Al2O3 and nano-SiO2. Ceramic based on MgO is prepared by adding different amounts of Al2O3 and SiO2 to MgO in a molar ratio 1:4. The mixture is molded and sintered in an air atmosphere. Ceramic phase composition and microstructure are studied in an x-ray diffractometer and a scanning electron microscope. The effect of adding different amounts of Al2O3 + 4SiO2 on sinterability and thermal shock resistance of MgO base ceramic is studied. Addition of Al2O3 + 4SiO2 has a favorable effect on test ceramic sinterability and thermal shock resistance. During reaction of solid substances there is formation of magnesia-alumina-spinel and forsterite that leads to retardation of periclase phase grain migration. The degree of specimen compaction is improved and this has a favorable effect on sinterability of ceramic based on MgO. The degree of compaction increases as there is an increase in sintering temperature in the range 1400 to 1500°C. In addition, specimen thermal shock resistance is improved due to connection between microcracks. As a result of adding Al2O3 in an amount up to 30 wt.% + SiO2 in an amount up to 45 wt.% MgO sinterability and thermal shock resistance are improved. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Springer Journals

Effect of Al2O3 + 4SiO2 Additives on Sintering Behavior and Thermal Shock Resistance of MgO-Based Ceramics

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Materials Science; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Materials Science, general; Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials
ISSN
1083-4877
eISSN
1573-9139
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11148-016-9996-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In order to improve the sinterability and thermal shock resistance of ceramic based on MgO magnesium oxide of micron grain size composition is used as the main starting raw material with additions of nano-Al2O3 and nano-SiO2. Ceramic based on MgO is prepared by adding different amounts of Al2O3 and SiO2 to MgO in a molar ratio 1:4. The mixture is molded and sintered in an air atmosphere. Ceramic phase composition and microstructure are studied in an x-ray diffractometer and a scanning electron microscope. The effect of adding different amounts of Al2O3 + 4SiO2 on sinterability and thermal shock resistance of MgO base ceramic is studied. Addition of Al2O3 + 4SiO2 has a favorable effect on test ceramic sinterability and thermal shock resistance. During reaction of solid substances there is formation of magnesia-alumina-spinel and forsterite that leads to retardation of periclase phase grain migration. The degree of specimen compaction is improved and this has a favorable effect on sinterability of ceramic based on MgO. The degree of compaction increases as there is an increase in sintering temperature in the range 1400 to 1500°C. In addition, specimen thermal shock resistance is improved due to connection between microcracks. As a result of adding Al2O3 in an amount up to 30 wt.% + SiO2 in an amount up to 45 wt.% MgO sinterability and thermal shock resistance are improved.

Journal

Refractories and Industrial CeramicsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 3, 2016

References

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