Experiments were conducted in a wind tunnel to assess the effect of a moving wall on a fully developed, equilibrium turbulent boundary layer. Pitot-static and total head probes were used in conjunction with both single- and two-component hot-wire anemometer probes to quantify the effect of wall motion on the boundary layer velocity statistics. A variable speed, seamless belt formed the wind tunnel test section wall. When stationary, the belt was found to possess a fully developed, equilibrium turbulent boundary layer in excellent agreement with archival data. With the tunnel wall moving at the free-stream speed, and at a sufficient distance above the wall, the velocity statistics in the moving-wall boundary layer were found to collapse well when scaled as a self-preserving turbulent wake. The near-wall mean velocity profile of the moving wall was found to exhibit an extended region of linearity compared to canonical turbulent boundary layer and internal flows. This can be attributed to the reduced shear resulting from wall motion and the subsequent reduction in Reynolds stress.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 4, 2001
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