The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of economic growth, FDI inflows, trade openness and energy consumption on environmental degradation in 17 MENA countries. We did our analysis in the panel framework over the period 1990–2012 using both the static (OLS, FE and RE) and dynamic (Diff-GMM and Sys-GMM) panel data approaches. The results show significantly that the environmental Kuznets curve exists. Furthermore, the study indicates that foreign direct investment increases environmental degradation, i.e., pollution haven hypothesis exist and the increase in trade openness and energy consumption results in an increase in CO2 emissions. These empirical insights are of particular interest to policymakers as they help build sound economic policies, more energy conservation policies and foreign policies to improve environmental quality.
Quality & Quantity – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 12, 2016
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera