In this paper, we addressed three questions. First, how transient are poorneighborhoods? Second, is the distribution of different racial and ethnicgroups affected unequally by changes in the economic status of neighborhoods?Third, what is the relative importance of the neighborhood life cycle,invasion-succession and spatial effect models in explaining the transitionof poor neighborhoods? Based on 1986 and 1991 Canadian census data,we found that the poverty rates of a substantial percentage of neighborhoodschanged during the five years. We also found a consistent pattern that earlyimmigrant groups (i.e., British, Western, and Northern Europeans) have thehighest percentage of members living in non-poor neighborhoods. At the otherend of the continuum, two visible minority groups, blacks and East and SoutheastAsians, have the highest percentage of members living in very poor neighborhoods.In addition, as suggested by the invasion-succession model, the proportion of visibleminorities in neighborhoods strongly affects the neighborhood poverty levels.Implications of the findings are discussed.
Population Research and Policy Review – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 4, 2004
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