This paper empirically examines the impact of earnings management and investor sentiment on IPO anomalies using a sample of 506 Chinese IPOs issued over the 1998–2003 period. We develop a parsimonious pricing model in which both the offer price and the short-term aftermarket price are influenced by the use of earnings management, and show that the offer price can be below the fair price while the short-term equilibrium price in the aftermarket can be overvalued due to investor sentiment. Consistent with the overreaction hypothesis, the empirical results reveal a positive relation between the initial return and managed accruals and a negative relation between the long-term stock performance and the initial return. Earnings management appears to generate a pattern where the initial price following an IPO tends to be inflated by overreaction in the secondary market but adjusts to its fundamental level in the long run. These findings are robust across a variety of test specifications.
Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2013
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