Early tumor growth, or increased contrast-enhancing tumor not related to evolving post-surgical injury, in the interval between surgical resection and initiation of radiotherapy has implications for treatment planning and clinical outcomes. In this study we evaluated the incidence of early tumor growth, correlated tumor growth with survival outcome measures, and assessed predictors of early tumor growth in glioblastoma. We reviewed the records of patients with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma who underwent surgical resection and chemoradiotherapy at our institution. Patients with preoperative, immediate postoperative, and preradiotherapy MRI were included. Conventional MRI and DWI features were assessed. The correlation between early tumor growth and extent of resection with survival was assessed with Kaplan–Meier analysis. Logistic regression was carried out to evaluate predictors of early tumor growth. Of 140 included patients, sixty-seven cases (48%) had new or increased contrast enhancement attributed to early tumor growth. Median progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were shorter in patients with early tumor growth compared to those without early tumor growth (p < 0.001 for both). Additionally, PFS and OS were longer in patients who underwent gross total resection of enhancing tumor (p = 0.016 and <0.001, respectively). Of the evaluated predictors of early growth, subtotal resection was most likely to result in early growth (p < 0.001). Imaging evidence of early tumor growth is often observed at preradiotherapy MRI and is associated with shorter survival. Gross total resection of contrast enhancing tumor decreases likelihood of early tumor growth.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2017
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