Maternal deprivation (MD) induces behavioral changes and impacts brain circuits that could be associated with the pathophys- iology of depression. This study investigated the markers of microglia and astrocyte activation as well as indoleamine 2,3- dioxygenase (IDO) expression in developmental programming after early life MD (on postnatal days (PNDs) 20, 30, 40, and 60). On PND 60, the rats that were subjected to MD displayed depressive-like behavior. On PND 10, it was found that there was a decrease in the level of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunopositive cells, a decrease in the level of IDO expression, and an increase in the level of Iba-1 (microglial marker) in the hippocampus of rats that were subjected to MD. On PND 20, levels of GFAP were also found to have decreased in the hippocampus, and there was an increase in the level of Iba-1 in the hippocampus. AIF-1 (microglial marker) expression was observed in the PFC following MD. On PND 30, the levels of Iba-1 remained elevated. On PND 40, the levels of GFAP were found to have increased in the hippocampus of rats that were subjected to MD. On PND 60, the levels of GFAP and AIF-1 remained elevated following
Molecular Neurobiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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