Dynamics of LINE-1 retrotransposon methylation levels in circulating DNA from lung cancer patients undergoing antitumor therapy

Dynamics of LINE-1 retrotransposon methylation levels in circulating DNA from lung cancer... Malignant cell transformation is accompanied with abnormal DNA methylation, such as the hypermethylation of certain gene promoters and hypomethylation of retrotransposons. In particular, the hypomethylation of the human-specific family of LINE-1 retrotransposons was observed in lung cancer tissues. It is also known that the circulating DNA (cirDNA) of blood plasma and cell-surface-bound circulating DNA (csb-cirDNA) of cancer patients accumulate tumor-specific aberrantly methylated DNA fragments, which are currently considered to be valuable cancer markers. This work compares LINE-1 retrotransposon methylation patterns in cirDNA of 16 lung cancer patients before and after treatment. CirDNA was isolated from blood plasma, and csb-cirDNA fractions were obtained by successive elution with EDTA-containing phosphate buffered saline and trypsin. Concentrations of methylated LINE-1 region 1 copies (LINE-1-met) were assayed by real-time methylation-specific PCR. LINE-1 methylation levels were normalized to the concentration of LINE-1 region 2, which was independent of the methylation status (LINE-1-Ind). The concentrations of LINE-1-met and LINE-1-Ind in csb-cirDNA of lung cancer patients exhibited correlations before treatment (r = 0.54), after chemotherapy (r = 0.72), and after surgery (r = 0.83) (P < 0.05, Spearman rank test). In the total group of patients, the level of LINE-1 methylation (determined as the LINE-1-met/LINE-1-Ind ratio) was shown to increase significantly during the follow-up after chemotherapy (P < 0.05, paired t test) and after surgery compared to the level of methylation before treatment (P < 0.05, paired t test). The revealed association between the level of LINE-1 methylation and the effect of antitumor therapy was more pronounced in squamous cell lung cancer than in adenocarcinoma (P < 0.05 and P > 0.05, respectively). These results suggest a need for the further investigation of dynamic changes in levels of LINE-1 methylation depending on the antitumor therapy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Dynamics of LINE-1 retrotransposon methylation levels in circulating DNA from lung cancer patients undergoing antitumor therapy

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/dynamics-of-line-1-retrotransposon-methylation-levels-in-circulating-ViXre6clOg
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Life Sciences, general; Biochemistry, general; Human Genetics
ISSN
0026-8933
eISSN
1608-3245
D.O.I.
10.1134/S0026893317040148
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial