Dynamics of apoptosis and proliferation in rat thymus and spleen during perinatal development (Ontogenesis)

Dynamics of apoptosis and proliferation in rat thymus and spleen during perinatal development... The levels of spontaneous apoptosis and proliferation of the rat thymic and spleen cells, as well as their regulation by the hypothalamo-hypophysial system were studied during perinatal development. The apoptotic and proliferating cells in the thymus and spleen were assayed using flow cytometry with the DNA-specific dye propidium iodide. The level of apoptosis in the thymus reached 25% on day 18 of embryogenesis (E18) and decreased to 5% thereafter. In the spleen, the level of apoptosis gradually increased from 15 to 37% during the period of E18 to day 30 of postnatal development (P30). The level of proliferating cells in the thymus was 20–25% at all developmental stages studied. In the spleen, it was at a maximum on E18 (32%) and decreased almost twice on E21 (17%). On P7, the amount of proliferating cells again increased to 22% and then gradually decreased to 7% by P30. The surgical ablation of hypothalamus in utero on E18 did not affect cell apoptosis or proliferation in the thymus and spleen. The surgical ablation of both hypothalamus and pituitary led a twofold decrease of the level of apoptosis in the spleen and insignificant increase of the level of proliferation in the thymus. Thus, the numbers of cells in the embryonic thymus is regulated not only by the thymus itself, but also by the hypothalamo-hypophysial system. The programmed cell death in the embryonic spleen appears to be regulated by the hypothalamo-hypophysial system as well. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Developmental Biology Springer Journals

Dynamics of apoptosis and proliferation in rat thymus and spleen during perinatal development (Ontogenesis)

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Developmental Biology; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1062-3604
eISSN
1608-3326
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1062360406040059
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The levels of spontaneous apoptosis and proliferation of the rat thymic and spleen cells, as well as their regulation by the hypothalamo-hypophysial system were studied during perinatal development. The apoptotic and proliferating cells in the thymus and spleen were assayed using flow cytometry with the DNA-specific dye propidium iodide. The level of apoptosis in the thymus reached 25% on day 18 of embryogenesis (E18) and decreased to 5% thereafter. In the spleen, the level of apoptosis gradually increased from 15 to 37% during the period of E18 to day 30 of postnatal development (P30). The level of proliferating cells in the thymus was 20–25% at all developmental stages studied. In the spleen, it was at a maximum on E18 (32%) and decreased almost twice on E21 (17%). On P7, the amount of proliferating cells again increased to 22% and then gradually decreased to 7% by P30. The surgical ablation of hypothalamus in utero on E18 did not affect cell apoptosis or proliferation in the thymus and spleen. The surgical ablation of both hypothalamus and pituitary led a twofold decrease of the level of apoptosis in the spleen and insignificant increase of the level of proliferation in the thymus. Thus, the numbers of cells in the embryonic thymus is regulated not only by the thymus itself, but also by the hypothalamo-hypophysial system. The programmed cell death in the embryonic spleen appears to be regulated by the hypothalamo-hypophysial system as well.

Journal

Russian Journal of Developmental BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 17, 2006

References

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