Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment [saj] pp325-sebu-363770 March 6, 2002 9:55 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 14, No. 2, April 2002 (
Dynamic Risk Factors: The Kia Marama Evaluation
Stephen M. Hudson,
David S. Wales,
and Tony Ward
Risk assessment is an essential part of clinical practice. Each of the three aspects
of risk (static, stable, and acute dynamic) are important at various points of con-
tact between the man and the systems that are responsible for providing service.
Dynamic factors, the typical treatment and supervision targets, have received less
research attention than static factors. This paper examined the extent to which
pretreatment, posttreatment and change scores were associated with reoffend-
ing among men incarcerated for sexually molesting. The results were generally
supportive of change in prooffending attitudes as the key to not reoffending and
suggested that the perspective-taking component of empathy and the use of fantasy
may be important mechanisms. Affect scales generally failed to show any relation-
ship with reoffending, outside decreases in trait and suppressed anger. Moreover,
these data suggest that we could improve our assessments and treatment through
increased sensitivity to offense pathways.
KEY WORDS: dynamic risk; recidivism; treatment outcome; psychometric evaluation; child
Risk assessment is an important and frequent part of clinical practice with
sexual offenders (Hanson, 2000). An accurate notion of how a man who has been
convicted ofsuchanoffenseislikelytobehave in thefuture,atleast as furthersexual
assaults are concerned, is of substantial importance in at least three domains. First,
when treatment resources are restricted, then rational decisions need to be made
with respect to who would beneﬁt most from treatment. Second, men who have
been under the responsibility of a correctional system are most typically released
at some point; when they are released is best guided, at least to some extent, by the
Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Psychological Service, Department of Corrections, Wellington, New Zealand.
Psychological Service, Department of Corrections, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Department of Criminology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
To whom correspondenceshouldbeaddressedatDepartment of Psychology,University of Canterbury,
PB 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2002 Plenum Publishing Corporation