Dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) analysis was performed on a large number of realizations of the separated flow around a finite blunt plate, which were determined by using planar time-resolved particle image velocimetry (TR-PIV). Three plates with different chord-to-thickness ratios corresponding to globally different flow patterns were particularly selected for comparison: L/D = 3.0, 6.0 and 9.0. The main attention was placed on dynamic variations in the dominant events and their interactive influences on the global fluid flow in terms of the DMD analysis. Toward this end, a real-time data transfer from the high-speed camera to the arrayed disks was built to enable continuous sampling of the spatiotemporally varying flows at the frequency of 250 Hz for a long run. The spectra of the wall-normal velocity fluctuation, the energy spectra of the DMD modes, and their spatial patterns convincingly determined the energetic unsteady events, i.e., St = 0.051 (Karman vortex street), 0.109 (harmonic event of Karman vortex street) and 0.197 (leading-edge vortex) in the shortest system L/D = 3.0, St = 0.159 (Karman vortex street) and 0.242 (leading-edge vortex) in the system L/D = 6.0, and St = 0.156 (Karman vortex street) and 0.241 (leading-edge vortex) in the longest system L/D = 9.0. In the shortest system L/D = 3.0, the first DMD mode pattern demonstrated intensified entrainment of the massive fluid above and below the whole plate by the Karman vortex street. The phase-dependent variation in the low-order flow field elucidated that this motion was sustained by the consecutive mechanisms of the convective leading-edge vortices near the upper and lower trailing edges, and the large-scale vortical structures occurring immediately behind the trailing edge, whereas the leading-edge vortices were entrained and decayed into the near wake. For the system L/D = 6.0, the closely approximated energy spectra at St = 0.159 and 0.242 indicated the balanced dominance of dual unsteady events in the measurement region. The Karman vortex street was found to induce considerable localized movement of the fluid near the trailing edges of the plate. However, the leading-edge vortices near the trailing edge were found to detach away from the plate and fully decay around 0.5D behind the trailing edge, where a well-ordered origination of the downstream large-scale vortical structures (the Karman vortex street) was established and might be locally energized by the decayed leading-edge vortex. In the longest system L/D = 9.0, the phase-dependent variations in the low-order flow disclosed a rapid decay of the leading-edge vortices beyond the reattachment zone, reaching the fully diffused state near the trailing edges. Accordingly, no clear signature of the interaction between the Karman vortex street and the leading-edge vortex could be found in the dynamic process of the leading-edge vortex.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 4, 2015
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