Particle image velocimetry (PIV) processing of free surface flow images often requires the use of digital masks to overcome the problems caused by the interface. In cases where a large number of particle images are collected it is essential that the time-varying boundary between the two phases can be tracked automatically to produce the binary masks. The Radon transform-based technique presented in this paper allows the automatic detection of the air–water interface in a stream of particle images acquired from a single camera. It is applied to time-resolved PIV measurements in the liquid phase of a stratified multiphase flow in a circular pipe. Accuracy estimations are provided using synthetic and real wave profiles. An extension to the more complex case of an overturning wave is also discussed.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: May 12, 2011
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