This paper investigates constraints for matching records from unreliable data sources. (a) We introduce a class of matching dependencies ( md s) for specifying the semantics of unreliable data. As opposed to static constraints for schema design, md s are developed for record matching, and are defined in terms of similarity predicates and a dynamic semantics . (b) We identify a special case of md s, referred to as relative candidate keys ( rck s), to determine what attributes to compare and how to compare them when matching records across possibly different relations. (c) We propose a mechanism for inferring md s, a departure from traditional implication analysis, such that when we cannot match records by comparing attributes that contain errors, we may still find matches by using other, more reliable attributes. Moreover, we develop a sound and complete system for inferring md s. (d) We provide a quadratic-time algorithm for inferring md s and an effective algorithm for deducing a set of high-quality rck s from md s. (e) We experimentally verify that the algorithms help matching tools efficiently identify keys at compile time for matching, blocking or windowing and in addition, that the md -based techniques effectively improve the quality and efficiency of various record matching methods.
The VLDB Journal – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2011
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