Dynamic changes in the distribution of lipid and insoluble polysaccharide reserves of Pancratium maritimum L. (Amaryllidaceae) anthers were investigated throughout the successive stages of pollen development, using cytochemical methods, to determine whether the synthesis, transformation, and mobilization of reserve materials in developing anthers follow the regular pathway in angiosperms and support the physiological activities in developing pollen. Polysaccharides and lipid reserves exhibited a variable pattern of distribution from the sporogenous cell stage to the anthesis. Starch granules and lipid bodies were scarce in the cytoplasm of sporogenous cells, but their number increased significantly at the premeiotic stage. Conversely, starch and lipid reserves of meiocytes reduced at the early prophase of the first meiotic division, and then their amount showed fluctuations during the microsporogenesis. The cytoplasm of free and vacuolated microspores was poor regarding the polysaccharide and lipid reserves. However, at the late vacuolated microspore stage, small insoluble polysaccharides began to appear in the microspore cytoplasm, and their number increased remarkably in the cytoplasm of the bicellular pollen grain. During the maturation of pollen grains, polysaccharide reserves were replaced with lipids. The starch and lipid reserves of the staminal envelope also showed variations at different stages of the anther development. The dynamic changes in the polysaccharide and lipid reserves of P. maritimum anthers were consistent with the physiological activities such as differentiation, cell division and material synthesis that occur in the anther tissue at different stages of the male gametophyte development, and supported the normal pollen development.
Plant Systematics and Evolution – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 18, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera