The authors describe a dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical immunoassay for the tumor marker carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). The method employs the rhodamine dye Rh123 with red color and absorption maximum at 500 nm for spectral sensitization, and a 3D nanocomposite prepared from graphene oxide and MoS2 acting as the photoelectric conversion layer. The nanocomposite with flower-like 3D architectures was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and UV-vis diffuse reflectometry. A photoelectrochemical sandwich immunoassay was developed that is based on the use of the nanocomposite and based on the specific binding of antibody and antigen, and by using a secondary antibody labeled with Rh123 and CdS (Ab2-Rh123@CdS). Under optimal conditions and at a typical working voltage of 0 V (vs. Hg/HgCl2), the photocurrent increases linearly 10 pg mL−1 to 80 ng mL−1 CEA concentration range, with a 3.2 pg mL−1 detection limit.
Microchimica Acta – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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