Dye removal of AR27 with enhanced degradation and power generation in a microbial fuel cell using bioanode of treated clinoptilolite-modified graphite felt

Dye removal of AR27 with enhanced degradation and power generation in a microbial fuel cell using... This work studied the performance of a laboratory-scale microbial fuel cell (MFC) using a bioanode that consisted of treated clinoptilolite fine powder coated onto graphite felt (TC-MGF). The results were compared with another similar MFC that used a bare graphite felt (BGF) bioanode. The anode surfaces provided active sites for the adhesion of the bacterial consortium (NAR-2) and the biodegradation of mono azo dye C.I. Acid Red 27. As a result, bioelectricity was generated in both MFCs. A 98% decolourisation rate was achieved using the TC-MGF bioanode under a fed-batch operation mode. Maximum power densities for BGF and TC-MGF bioanodes were 458.8 ± 5.0 and 940.3 ± 4.2 mW m−2, respectively. GC-MS analyses showed that the dye was readily degraded in the presence of the TC-MGF bioanode. The MFC using the TC-MGF bioanode showed a stable biofilm with no biomass leached out for more than 300 h operation. In general, MFC performance was substantially improved by the fabricated TC-MGF bioanode. It was also found that the TC-MGF bioanode with the stable biofilm presented the nature of exopolysaccharide (EPS) structure, which is suitable for the biodegradation of the azo dye. In fact, the EPS facilitated the shuttling of electrons to the bioanode for the generation of bioelectricity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science and Pollution Research Springer Journals

Dye removal of AR27 with enhanced degradation and power generation in a microbial fuel cell using bioanode of treated clinoptilolite-modified graphite felt

Dye removal of AR27 with enhanced degradation and power generation in a microbial fuel cell using bioanode of treated clinoptilolite-modified graphite felt

Environ Sci Pollut Res (2017) 24:19444–19457 DOI 10.1007/s11356-017-9204-1 RESEARCH ARTICLE Dye removal of AR27 with enhanced degradation and power generation in a microbial fuel cell using bioanode of treated clinoptilolite-modified graphite felt 1 1 2 Seyedeh Nazanin Kardi & Norahim Ibrahim & Ghasem Najafpour Darzi & 1 3 Noor Aini Abdul Rashid & José Villaseñor Received: 30 January 2017 /Accepted: 3 May 2017 /Published online: 3 June 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017, corrected publication July/2017 Abstract This work studied the performance of a laboratory- for more than 300 h operation. In general, MFC performance scale microbial fuel cell (MFC) using a bioanode that consisted was substantially improved by the fabricated TC-MGF bioanode. of treated clinoptilolite fine powder coated onto graphite felt (TC- It was also found that the TC-MGF bioanode with the stable MGF). The results were compared with another similar MFC biofilm presented the nature of exopolysaccharide (EPS) struc- that used a bare graphite felt (BGF) bioanode. The anode sur- ture, which is suitable for the biodegradation of the azo dye. In faces provided active sites for the adhesion of the bacterial con- fact, the EPS facilitated the shuttling of electrons to the bioanode sortium (NAR-2) and the biodegradation of mono azo dye C.I. for the generation of bioelectricity. Acid Red 27. As a result, bioelectricity was generated in both . . MFCs. A 98% decolourisation rate was achieved using the TC- Keywords Azo dye removal Biodegradation . . MGF bioanode under a fed-batch operation mode. Maximum Bioelectricity Microbial fuel cell Treated power densities for BGF and TC-MGF bioanodes were clinoptilolite-modified graphite felt −2 458.8 ± 5.0 and 940.3 ± 4.2 mW m , respectively. GC-MS analyses showed that the dye was readily degraded in the pres- ence of the TC-MGF bioanode. The MFC using the TC-MGF Introduction bioanode showed a stable...
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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Environmental Chemistry; Ecotoxicology; Environmental Health; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
ISSN
0944-1344
eISSN
1614-7499
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11356-017-9204-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This work studied the performance of a laboratory-scale microbial fuel cell (MFC) using a bioanode that consisted of treated clinoptilolite fine powder coated onto graphite felt (TC-MGF). The results were compared with another similar MFC that used a bare graphite felt (BGF) bioanode. The anode surfaces provided active sites for the adhesion of the bacterial consortium (NAR-2) and the biodegradation of mono azo dye C.I. Acid Red 27. As a result, bioelectricity was generated in both MFCs. A 98% decolourisation rate was achieved using the TC-MGF bioanode under a fed-batch operation mode. Maximum power densities for BGF and TC-MGF bioanodes were 458.8 ± 5.0 and 940.3 ± 4.2 mW m−2, respectively. GC-MS analyses showed that the dye was readily degraded in the presence of the TC-MGF bioanode. The MFC using the TC-MGF bioanode showed a stable biofilm with no biomass leached out for more than 300 h operation. In general, MFC performance was substantially improved by the fabricated TC-MGF bioanode. It was also found that the TC-MGF bioanode with the stable biofilm presented the nature of exopolysaccharide (EPS) structure, which is suitable for the biodegradation of the azo dye. In fact, the EPS facilitated the shuttling of electrons to the bioanode for the generation of bioelectricity.

Journal

Environmental Science and Pollution ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 3, 2017

References

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