Eur J Nutr (2018) 57:319–325 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-016-1321-y ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Durum wheat particle size affects starch and protein digestion in vitro 1,2 3 3 1 Giuseppina Mandalari · Zara Merali · Peter Ryden · Simona Chessa · 2 2 2 2 Carlo Bisignano · Davide Barreca · Ersilia Bellocco · Giuseppina Laganà · 1 3 Richard M. Faulks · Keith W. Waldron Received: 14 February 2016 / Accepted: 29 September 2016 / Published online: 26 October 2016 © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016 Abstract Conclusions This data provide further evidence that, by Purpose The term bioaccessibility refers to the proportion decreasing the size of wheat endosperm, starch release of a nutrient released from a complex food matrix during and glycaemic response are enhanced. We also showed digestion and, therefore, becoming potentially available for that protein bioaccessibility followed a similar trend as for absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. In the present study, starch digestion. Finally, these results support the hypoth- we assessed the starch and protein bioaccessibility from esis that different degrees of starch encapsulation elicit dif- a range of wheat endosperm products differing in particle ferent blood glucose responses. size. Methods Five porridge meals (size A, flour, mean particle Keywords Starch digestion
European Journal of Nutrition – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 26, 2016
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