Dual targeting properties of the N-terminal signal sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana THI1 protein to mitochondria and chloroplasts

Dual targeting properties of the N-terminal signal sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana THI1 protein... thi1 has been recently isolated fromArabidopsis thaliana and is probably involved in both thiamine biosynthesis and as protection of organellar DNA from damage. Studies of thiamine biosynthesis in plants suggests a plastid location for the pathway, which is in agreement with the predicted THI1 N-terminal chloroplastic transit peptide (TP). On the other hand, thiamine is synthesized in mitochondria in yeast cells. Interestingly, A. thaliana thi1 cDNA complements a yeast strain disrupted for the homologous gene. Analysis of THI1 amino acid sequence revealed the presence of a putative amphiphilic α-helix, which is typical for mitochondrial presequences, located downstream of the chloroplast transit peptide. To define the putative role of the two predicted targeting sequences in tandem, we produced two chimeric genes encompassing the chloroplastic THI1 TP and either 4 or 27 (including the putative mitochondrial presequence) N-terminal residues of the mature THI1, both linked to the reporter (gusA) gene. Analysis of GUS distribution in subcellular fractions of transgenic plants revealed that in the construct retaining only 4 residues of mature THI1, GUS was found in the chloroplastic fraction. Extension of the THI1 transit peptide to 27 residues of the mature protein allowed import and processing of GUS into both mitochondria and chloroplasts. Direct analysis by immunogold-labeling with an anti-THI1 polyclonal antibody identified THI1 in both organelles in Arabidopsis. We also provide evidence that the precursors of both organellar isoforms are encoded by a single nuclear transcript. Thus, THI1 is targeted simultaneously to mitochondria and chloroplasts by a post transcriptional mechanism. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Dual targeting properties of the N-terminal signal sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana THI1 protein to mitochondria and chloroplasts

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/dual-targeting-properties-of-the-n-terminal-signal-sequence-of-TQweX1CE5v
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1011628510711
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

thi1 has been recently isolated fromArabidopsis thaliana and is probably involved in both thiamine biosynthesis and as protection of organellar DNA from damage. Studies of thiamine biosynthesis in plants suggests a plastid location for the pathway, which is in agreement with the predicted THI1 N-terminal chloroplastic transit peptide (TP). On the other hand, thiamine is synthesized in mitochondria in yeast cells. Interestingly, A. thaliana thi1 cDNA complements a yeast strain disrupted for the homologous gene. Analysis of THI1 amino acid sequence revealed the presence of a putative amphiphilic α-helix, which is typical for mitochondrial presequences, located downstream of the chloroplast transit peptide. To define the putative role of the two predicted targeting sequences in tandem, we produced two chimeric genes encompassing the chloroplastic THI1 TP and either 4 or 27 (including the putative mitochondrial presequence) N-terminal residues of the mature THI1, both linked to the reporter (gusA) gene. Analysis of GUS distribution in subcellular fractions of transgenic plants revealed that in the construct retaining only 4 residues of mature THI1, GUS was found in the chloroplastic fraction. Extension of the THI1 transit peptide to 27 residues of the mature protein allowed import and processing of GUS into both mitochondria and chloroplasts. Direct analysis by immunogold-labeling with an anti-THI1 polyclonal antibody identified THI1 in both organelles in Arabidopsis. We also provide evidence that the precursors of both organellar isoforms are encoded by a single nuclear transcript. Thus, THI1 is targeted simultaneously to mitochondria and chloroplasts by a post transcriptional mechanism.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off