Change of drag reduction (DR) along a tube (D=2 mm, L=4 m) was experimentally investigated. To attain turbulent flow with Re=8 × 104, a tank operated under high pressure up to 16 MPa. Solutions of different brands of polyethyleneoxide (PEO) with concentrations from 1 ppm to 100 ppm were tested. The results indicate that DR is not a constant value but depends on the time and intensity of interaction between the polymer and the turbulent flow. There are three regions with different behaviors of DR: growth, maximum, and slope down. Maximum DR coincides with the Virk ultimate DR and can be described by the suggested simple formula . A decrease in the DR maximum has not been found even for high shear stresses τ p < 800 Pa. DR dynamics for four brands of PEO with different molecular weight was studied. Direct experimentally determined DR may be greater than the Virk ultimate value if the change in velocity profile is not taken into account. The corrected DR never exceeds the ultimate DR.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 2001
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