A novel strain of a Gram-stain negative, non-motile, non-spore forming rod-shaped, obligate anaerobic bacterium, designated AT11T, was isolated from a stool sample of a morbidly obese woman living in Marseille, France. This bacterium was characterized using biochemical, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic methods. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain AT11T had a 97.8% nucleotide sequence similarity with Eisenbergiella tayi strain B086562T, the closest species with standing in nomenclature. The major cellular fatty acids of the novel isolate were C16:0 followed by saturated or unsaturated C18 fatty acids (C18:1n9, C18:1n5 and C18:0). The draft genome of strain AT11T is 7,114,554 bp long with 48% G+C content. 6176 genes were predicted, including 6114 protein-coding genes and 62 were RNAs (with 2 5S rRNA genes, two 16S rRNA genes, two 23S rRNA genes, and 56 tRNA genes). The digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH) relatedness between the new isolate and E. tayi strain B086562T was 23.1% ± 2.2. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genomic, and phylogenetic characteristics, Eisenbergiella massiliensis sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is AT11T (= DSM 100838T = CSUR P2478T).
Current Microbiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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