Olfactory impairments and depressive behavior are commonly reported by individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) being observed before motor symptoms. The mechanisms underlying these clinical manifestations are not fully elucidated. However, the imbalance in dopaminergic neurotransmission seems to play an important role in this context. In patients and animal models of PD, an increase in the dopaminergic interneurons of the glomerular layer in olfactory bulb (OB-gl) is observed, which may contribute to the olfactory impairment. In addition, neuronal imbalance in OB is related to depressive symptoms, as demonstrated by chemical olfactory bulbectomy. In view of that, we hypothesized that a reduction in the number or density of dopaminergic neurons present in OB could promote an olfactory improvement and, in contrast, would accentuate the depressive-like behaviors in the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) model of PD. Therefore, we performed single or double injections of 6-OHDA within the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and/or in the OB-gl. We observed that, after 7 days, the group with nigral lesion exhibited olfactory impairment, as well as the group with the lesion in the OB-gl. However, the combination of the lesions prevented the occurrence of hyposmia. In relation to depressive-like behaviors, we observed that the SNpc injury promoted
Molecular Neurobiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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