DOMESTIC REFRACTORY PRODUCTION: STATE OF THE ART
Yu. V. Bulanov
and F. N. Chaika
Translated from Ogneupory i Tekhnicheskaya Keramika, No. 6, pp. 10 – 15, June, 2002.
DOMESTIC REFRACTORY PRODUCERS
At present, there are 17 active enterprises in Russia that
have specialized in the production of refractory materials of
different type. Geographically, they span a rather wide range
— from Central Chernozem’e (the Central Black-Earth Zone)
to Eastern Siberia.
The total production capacity of refractory manufactu
rers in Russia is estimated as 4.5 million tons per year. In re
ality, the annual production capacity amounts to a little more
that 2 million tons, of which shaped refractories account for
90%, and unshaped refractory products — for 10%. Accord-
ing to the estimates reported by Sergei Avdeev, director of
the Ogneupor-Komplekt trade company, the unshaped pro-
ducts are superior to shaped refractories (brick) in technolo-
gical parameters (refractoriness, thermal and wear resistance,
etc.), which makes them economically more attractive (recal-
culated per ton of potentially marketable product). In the
Russian market of refractory materials, the unshaped pro-
ducts account for 3 – 5%, whereas in the European market
they rate at 60%. Until recently, the larger production of
high-quality unshaped refractories has been hampered by the
lack of appropriate processing equipment in consumers
needed for efficient product processing.
Production of refractory components involves the fol
lowing technological stages: acceptance and preparation of
raw materials, crushing and grinding of rocks, mixing of
components, pressing or molding (for shaped refractories
only), drying or calcination, and packaging of the end product.
Two plants — Semilukskii Refractory Plant JSC and
Latnenskii Refractory Plant JSC — are found in the
Voronezh Region (Voronezh Region). Two enterprises —
Novomoskovskogneupor JSC and Shchekinskii Refractory
Plant JSC — are found in the Tula Region. Found in the
Moscow Region are five refractory plants: Podol’skogneupor
JSC, Vnukovskii Plant for Refractory Materials JSC
(VPRN), Shcherbinskii Plant for Fused Refractories JSC
(SPFR), Snegirevskie Ogneupory JSC (SO), and Dom
ogneupor JSC. In the Novgorod Region, one of the leading
domestic manufacturers — Borovichskii Kombinat (manu
facture-cum-assembly enterprise) JSC — is found.
The major manufacturers of refractory products are lo
cated in the Urals, which is explained by the ready availabi
lity of raw materials. In the Chelyabinsk Region, Russia’s
largest refractory manufacturer, Kombinat Magnezit JSC,
and Ogneupor JSC are found; the latter until the mid-1990s
was a refractory shop at the Magnitogorskii Iron and Steel
Works. In the Sverdlovsk Region, there are Dinur JSC, the
largest manufacturer of dinas refractories, Sukholozhskii Re
fractory Plant JSC (SRP), Ogneupory JSC (Bogdanovich),
and Nikomogneupor JSC, reckoned among the three leading
manufacturers. In the eastern part of Russia, in the Irkutsk
Region, only one refractory enterprise can be mentioned —
Eastern Siberia Refractory Plant JSC.
Apart from the narrowly specialized enterprises, refrac-
tory materials are also produced at departments of large me-
tallurgical plants. Among these, one may the Mechel JSC,
Magnitogorskii Iron and Steel Works JSC (MISW), Zapsib
(Western Siberia) JSC, Novolipetskii Iron and Steel Works
(NISW) JSC, and Nosta JSC. The refractory-making depart-
ments at the Mechel JSC, MISW JSC, and Nosta JSC jointly
produced more than 15% of the sum total of refractory prod-
ucts in Russia in 2001 (as reported by the FinInfo agency).
Each of the refractory-making shops at the aforementioned
metallurgical plants has a production capacity of more than
15 thousand tons per year.
STATE OF THE REFRACTORY INDUSTRY
The state of the situation in the refractory industry in
Russia is of exceptional importance for normal function and
development of metallurgy, the glass industry, the machine-
building industry, the thermal power industry, the military-
industrial complex (MIC), and other branches of industry.
Refractory products make up part of the capital assets and
are indispensable for the high-temperature processing of
metals, silicates, and other materials. Quality, volume, com
pleteness, and delivery schedule of refractories are important
factors that affect the product quality and smooth production
flow in ferrous metallurgy.
The largest specialized manufacturer of refractory mate
rials in Russia is the Kombinat Magnezit JSC, the second
largest — the Nikomogneupor, and the third largest —
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Vol. 43, Nos.5–6, 2002
1083-4877/02/0506-0211$27.00 © 2002 Plenum Publishing Corporation
Ogneupor-Komplekt Joint Stock Co., Russia.
Rosbizneskonsalting Information Agency, Russia.