Soc Indic Res https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1896-1 Thi Thu Hoai Dang Accepted: 31 March 2018 © UNU-WIDER 2018, corrected publication May 2018 Abstract This paper examines the issue of horizontal inequalities in Vietnam over the past 20 years. Using data from three recent Vietnam population censuses (1989, 1999, and 2009) and three Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys (1998, 2008, 2012), we esti- mated numerous measures on inequalities between five groups against four welfare indica - tors. Our results show that horizontal inequality matters in Vietnam, in particular for eth- nicity, region, and rural/urban groups. While there has been an improvement in horizontal inequality in education, this paper shows little change in other welfare indicators, in par- ticular poverty. We also found that horizontal inequality does matter for poverty reduction in Vietnam and it needs more attention when designing poverty policies in the future. Keywords Vietnam · Horizontal inequality · Ethnics · Regions · Poverty · Education JEL Classification C25 · D63 · I24 · I32 · O18 1 Introduction In parallel with a rapid economic growth, Vietnam has been considered as a successful coun- try in poverty reduction over the last decades of development. The poverty rate has been suc- cessfully reduced from about 58% in 1993 to about 15% in 2014. However, this pattern
Social Indicators Research – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 7, 2018
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