Accumulation and ethylene-dependent translocation of free polyamines was studied in various organs, the phloem and xylem exudates of common ice plants (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.). Under normal conditions (23–25°C), spermidine predominated among polyamines. Cadaverine was found in old leaves, stems, and, in large quantities, in roots. The heat shock treatment (HS; 47°C, 2 h) of intact plant shoots induced intense evolution of ethylene from leaves but reduced the leaf content of polyamines. Under these conditions, the concentration of polyamines in roots, particularly of cadaverine, increased many times. The HS treatment of roots (40°C, 2 h) induced translocation of cadaverine to stems and putrescine to leaves. An enhanced polyamine content after HS treatment was also found in the xylem and phloem exudates. The exposure of detached leaves to ethylene led to a reduction in their putrescine and spermidine and accumulation of cadaverine, which implies the ethylene-dependent formation of cadaverine and a possible relation between the HS-induced translocation of this diamine to roots and the transient ethylene evolution by leaves. To validate this hypothesis, we compared the ethylene evolution rate and interorgan partitioning of cadaverine and other polyamines for two lines of Arabidopsis thaliana: the wild type (Col-0) and ein4 mutant with impaired ethylene reception. In plants grown in light at 20–21°C, the rate of ethylene evolution by rosetted leaves was higher in the mutant than in the wild type. The content of putrescine and spermidine was reduced in mutant leaves, whereas cadaverine concentration increased almost threefold compared with the wild type. In roots, cadaverine was found only in the wild type and not in the mutant line. Our data indicate the ethylene-dependent formation of cadaverine in leaves and possible involvement of cadaverine and ethylene in the long-distance translocation of stress (HS) signal in plants.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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