Do Em ployed an d Nonemployed Korean
Mothers Experien ce Different Levels of
Psychological Well-Being in Relation to Their
Gender Role Attitudes an d Role Qualities?
Han Young Theological University
A sam ple of 558 Korean mothers com pleted a qu estion naire survey where
social stru ctu ral varia bles‚ gender role attitu des‚ an d role qu alities were
exam in ed as predicto rs of psychological well-bein g. Results sh owed that
employed mothers did not differ in their psychological well-bein g accordin g to
s gender while nonem ployed m others with at least on e son
sh o w ed gre ate r psych o lo gi cal w ell-b ein g th a n th o se w ith o u t a so n .
Dem onstratin g the im po rtan ce of congru ency between women
s attitu des
toward gender role and their current roles‚ em ployed mothers with m ore liberal
gender role attitu des showed greater well-being while nonem ployed mothers
with m ore trad ition al attitu des sh owed high er levels of well-bein g. Last‚
although all role qualities were positively related to mothers
well-bein g in both
groups‚ the significan ce of wife role qu ality in determinin g mothers
was salient in em ployed group.
Maternal Employment an d Women
s Well-Bein g
Studie s on the effe cts of employme nt on women
s or mothe rs
have de monstrated highly inconsiste nt re sults. In support of the scarcity
approach ‚ which hypothe sizes that since human ene rgy is fixed and limite d‚
additional role s ofte n re sult in stress‚ overload‚ and conflict‚ a group of
studie s indicate d that employe d and married women re ported expe riencing
more de terioration of physical and mental he alth than the ir none mploye d
1998 Plenum Publishing Corporation
To whom corr e sponde nce sh ould be ad dre ss e d at 105-14 0 2 Ke ukdong Gre en A.P .T.