DNA Methylation Variability in a Single Locus of the RXRα Promoter from Umbilical Vein Blood at Term Pregnancy

DNA Methylation Variability in a Single Locus of the RXRα Promoter from Umbilical Vein Blood at... DNA methylation status of RXRα gene promoter has been correlated with maternal diet during early pregnancy, and associated with offspring’s adiposity and bone mineral content. In adult life, increased methylation of RXRα promoter region is associated with myocardium pathologies. Early growth response proteins (EGR) are zinc finger transcription factors associated with several cellular pathways such as inflammation, apoptosis, and cardiopathies. DNA-binding sequences of EGR proteins have been reported in the RXRα gene promoter using chromatin immunoprecipitation methods. Here, we used correlations between the maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (p-BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and birth weight (BW) as indirect indicators of the maternal nutritional status as modifier of DNA methylation in the offspring. DNA methylation status from newborns’ umbilical vein blood in full-term pregnancy was evaluated in a short sequence (116 pb) of the RXRα gene promoter that contains the elements of response sequence for EGR proteins. Fifty-three bisulfite-modified DNA samples were assessed through methyl-sensitive high-resolution melting (MS-HRM) analysis. To validate the results, we directly sequenced MS-HRM samples to confirm the presence of CpG-methylated positions. In addition, the RXRα protein levels in extracts of umbilical vein blood were evaluated by western blot. We found differential methylation in a specific locus of the RXRα promoter surrounding the EGR-binding sequence; however, no correlation was found with the level of RXRα protein expression. Variability in the methylation status of the RXRα promoter near the EGR transcription factor binding site in newborn cord blood provides controversial epigenetic insights into RXRα regulation via EGR proteins. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochemical Genetics Springer Journals

DNA Methylation Variability in a Single Locus of the RXRα Promoter from Umbilical Vein Blood at Term Pregnancy

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Biochemistry, general; Zoology; Medical Microbiology
ISSN
0006-2928
eISSN
1573-4927
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10528-017-9838-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

DNA methylation status of RXRα gene promoter has been correlated with maternal diet during early pregnancy, and associated with offspring’s adiposity and bone mineral content. In adult life, increased methylation of RXRα promoter region is associated with myocardium pathologies. Early growth response proteins (EGR) are zinc finger transcription factors associated with several cellular pathways such as inflammation, apoptosis, and cardiopathies. DNA-binding sequences of EGR proteins have been reported in the RXRα gene promoter using chromatin immunoprecipitation methods. Here, we used correlations between the maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (p-BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and birth weight (BW) as indirect indicators of the maternal nutritional status as modifier of DNA methylation in the offspring. DNA methylation status from newborns’ umbilical vein blood in full-term pregnancy was evaluated in a short sequence (116 pb) of the RXRα gene promoter that contains the elements of response sequence for EGR proteins. Fifty-three bisulfite-modified DNA samples were assessed through methyl-sensitive high-resolution melting (MS-HRM) analysis. To validate the results, we directly sequenced MS-HRM samples to confirm the presence of CpG-methylated positions. In addition, the RXRα protein levels in extracts of umbilical vein blood were evaluated by western blot. We found differential methylation in a specific locus of the RXRα promoter surrounding the EGR-binding sequence; however, no correlation was found with the level of RXRα protein expression. Variability in the methylation status of the RXRα promoter near the EGR transcription factor binding site in newborn cord blood provides controversial epigenetic insights into RXRα regulation via EGR proteins.

Journal

Biochemical GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 6, 2018

References

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