DNA methylation status of RXRα gene promoter has been correlated with maternal diet during early pregnancy, and associated with offspring’s adiposity and bone mineral content. In adult life, increased methylation of RXRα promoter region is associated with myocardium pathologies. Early growth response proteins (EGR) are zinc finger transcription factors associated with several cellular pathways such as inflammation, apoptosis, and cardiopathies. DNA-binding sequences of EGR proteins have been reported in the RXRα gene promoter using chromatin immunoprecipitation methods. Here, we used correlations between the maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (p-BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and birth weight (BW) as indirect indicators of the maternal nutritional status as modifier of DNA methylation in the offspring. DNA methylation status from newborns’ umbilical vein blood in full-term pregnancy was evaluated in a short sequence (116 pb) of the RXRα gene promoter that contains the elements of response sequence for EGR proteins. Fifty-three bisulfite-modified DNA samples were assessed through methyl-sensitive high-resolution melting (MS-HRM) analysis. To validate the results, we directly sequenced MS-HRM samples to confirm the presence of CpG-methylated positions. In addition, the RXRα protein levels in extracts of umbilical vein blood were evaluated by western blot. We found differential methylation in a specific locus of the RXRα promoter surrounding the EGR-binding sequence; however, no correlation was found with the level of RXRα protein expression. Variability in the methylation status of the RXRα promoter near the EGR transcription factor binding site in newborn cord blood provides controversial epigenetic insights into RXRα regulation via EGR proteins.
Biochemical Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 6, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera