DNA-binding specificity determinants of replication proteins encoded by eukaryotic ssDNA viruses are adjacent to widely separated RCR conserved motifs

DNA-binding specificity determinants of replication proteins encoded by eukaryotic ssDNA viruses... Eukaryotic ssDNA viruses encode a rolling-circle replication (RCR) initiation protein, Rep, which binds to iterated DNA elements functioning as essential elements for virus-specific replication. By using the iterons of all known circoviruses, nanoviruses and nanovirus-like satellites as heuristic devices, we have identified certain amino acid residues that presumably determine the DNA-binding specificity of their Rep proteins. These putative “specificity determinants” (SPDs) cluster in two discrete protein regions, which are adjacent to distinct conserved motifs. A comparable distribution of SPDs was uncovered in the Rep protein of geminiviruses. Modeling of the tertiary structure of diverse Rep proteins showed that SPD regions interact to form a small β-sheet element that has been proposed to be critical for high-affinity DNA-binding of Rep. Our findings indicate that eukaryotic circular ssDNA viruses have a common ancestor and suggest that SPDs present in replication initiators from a huge variety of viral and plasmid RCR systems are associated with the same conserved motifs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

DNA-binding specificity determinants of replication proteins encoded by eukaryotic ssDNA viruses are adjacent to widely separated RCR conserved motifs

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-010-0674-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Eukaryotic ssDNA viruses encode a rolling-circle replication (RCR) initiation protein, Rep, which binds to iterated DNA elements functioning as essential elements for virus-specific replication. By using the iterons of all known circoviruses, nanoviruses and nanovirus-like satellites as heuristic devices, we have identified certain amino acid residues that presumably determine the DNA-binding specificity of their Rep proteins. These putative “specificity determinants” (SPDs) cluster in two discrete protein regions, which are adjacent to distinct conserved motifs. A comparable distribution of SPDs was uncovered in the Rep protein of geminiviruses. Modeling of the tertiary structure of diverse Rep proteins showed that SPD regions interact to form a small β-sheet element that has been proposed to be critical for high-affinity DNA-binding of Rep. Our findings indicate that eukaryotic circular ssDNA viruses have a common ancestor and suggest that SPDs present in replication initiators from a huge variety of viral and plasmid RCR systems are associated with the same conserved motifs.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 2010

References

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